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هام

مشاهدة نتائج الإستطلاع: لو مدير الشركه نزل الموقع بدون الخوزه

المصوتون
861. أنت لم تصوت في هذا الإستطلاع
  • اتركه

    47 5.46%
  • انصحه بلبسها

    407 47.27%
  • امنعه من نزول الموقع

    354 41.11%
  • اخلع بتاعتى و البسه له

    53 6.16%
صفحة 176 من 219 الأولىالأولى ... 76126166172 173 174 175 176177 178 179 180 186 ... الأخيرةالأخيرة
النتائج 1,751 إلى 1,760 من 2185
  1. [1751]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
    المشاركات: 178
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    Post Lockout/tagout 5

    Scope and Application of Lockout/Tagout Requirements




    A lockout/tagout program applies to employers that service and/or maintain machines and equipment in which the unexpected energization or motion, start up, or release of stored energy could cause injury or death to employees. The application of this program will prevent equipment from unexpectedly being set in motion and endangering workers. Potential hazardous energy sources must be identified, isolated, and locked or tagged out before starting a service and /or maintenance task. Typical tasks requiring lockout/tagout procedures include:

    § A task requiring an employee to place any part of their body into an area on a machine’s point of operation or where an associated danger zone exists during a machine’s operating cycle;
    § Cleaning, repairing, and maintaining machinery with moving parts;
    § Clearing jammed mechanisms;
    § Removing or bypassing a guard or other safety device;
    § Repairing electrical circuits.

    Minimum requirements for the control of hazardous energy are set forth in MIOSHA General Industry Safety Standard Part 85, The Control of Hazardous Energy Sources, which was effective May 25, 1993. This standard adopts OSHA 1910.147 by reference and revoked previous lockout provisions in MIOSHA General Industry Safety Standards Part 1, General Provisions.

    In addition to MIOSHA General Industry Safety Standards Part 85 and Part 40, a number of other MIOSHA General Industry Safety Standards also contain lockout provisions which must also be consulted. These standards which apply to specific processes or industries, called vertical standards, also contain lockout requirements which may be above and beyond Part 85.

    When a specific MIOSHA standard contains a lockout requirement, this requirement must be followed as it preempts the tagout option contained in Part 85. In these cases, although a specific standard requirement for lockout is followed, the procedural and training requirements of Part 85 continue to apply as well so that theend result is a complete program for protecting employees from energy hazards.

    0 Not allowed!



  2. [1752]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
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    Post Lockout/tagout 6

    Vertical Standards Disallow Tagout System



    Table 1 lists examples of rules from MIOSHA General Industry Safety Standards with specific lockout references requiring locks be used. For these work operations, a tagout system will not be acceptable.


    Table 1. List of Standards Requiring Use of Locks in Lieu of Tags

    Part 14, Conveyors
    R 408.11431. Lockout. 1431 (1) An employer shall establish and maintain a lockout procedure which shall safeguard an employee.

    (2) An electrically powered conveyor shall be equipped with a disconnect switch at the power source which shall be shut off and locked out during any type of repair, service or set up work if a hazard exists.


    Part 17, Refuse Packers
    R 408.11715 (3) A lockout procedure for a refuse packer unit shall be established and followed whereby the power shall be shut off and the key removed before and during repairs to the packer or compaction mechanism, except during maintenance testing.

    (4) A power source of a stationary refuse packer unit to be repaired, serviced or set up shall be locked out by each employee while doing such work. Any residual pressure shall be relieved before and during the work.
    Part 18, Overhead and Gantry Cranes
    R 408.11875 (3)(c) The main switch shall be placed in the off or open position and locked, except where power is necessary to adjust or service the crane.
    Part 26, Metalworking
    R 408.12618 (1) A power source of any metalworking machine or equipment to be repaired or serviced shall be locked out and, where required, residual pressure relieved by each employee doing such work if unexpected motion would cause injury, except where power is essential for testing and set up.
    Part 42, Forging
    R 408.14246 (2) A steam hammer shall be provided with a quick access emergency shut off valve identified by name or color in the supply, sometimes called admission, pipe line at a location within reach of the operator. This valve shall be closed and locked in the off position while the hammer is being adjusted, repaired, or serviced, or when the dies are being changed, except where necessary to move the ram.
    art 45, Die Casting
    R 408.14525 (1) A power source of a machine or equipment to be repaired or for die repair shall be locked out by each employee doing the work if unexpected motion would cause injury. Residual pressure shall be relieved or isolated before and during the work if unexpected motion would cause injury. Residual pressure shall be relieved or isolated before and during the work if unexpected motion would cause injury. The means of isolation shall also be locked out.



    Part 52, Sawmills
    R 408.15223 (4) A written lockout procedure shall be established by an employer and used by an employee. A power source of any equipment to be repaired, serviced or set up shall be locked out by each employee while doing such work. And residual pressure shall be relieved prior to and during such work.
    Part 57, Oil & Gas Well Drilling & Servicing
    R 408.15731 (2) A lockout system shall be established for drilling rig equipment, except on draw works, slush pumps, and rotaries where a tag out system may be used. An employee shall be trained in the use of a lockout system to prevent unexpected energizing of any equipment from any energy source which might inflict injury to personnel. A lock or tag shall not be removed without the approval of the person who installed it or his or her authorized replacement.
    Part 62, Plastic Molding
    R 408.16227 (3) A machine or equipment to be repaired or serviced shall have the power source locked out by each employee doing the work if unexpected motion would cause injury. Any residual pressure which would be hazardous shall be relieved before and remain relieved during such work by an employee doing the work.
    Part 63, Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills
    R 408.16323 (4) A power source of any equipment to be repaired, serviced or set-up shall be locked out by each employee doing the work where unexpected startup would cause injury except when motion is necessary during set-up or adjustment. Such motion shall be achieved by a manually held constant pressure control device. Residual pressure can be relieved prior to and during such work when the equipment is locked out.
    Part 65, Mills & Calenders for Rubber & Plastic
    R 408.6527(1) Insure that the power source of a mill, calender or their auxiliary equipment to be repaired, serviced or set-up is locked out by each employee doing the work if unexpected start-up would cause injury.
    Part 72, Automotive Service Operations
    R 408.17222 (3) Machinery or equipment shall be equipped with a disconnect switch which shall be locked in the off position, unless the machinery or equipment is equipped with a plug-in cord which shall be disconnected and tagged, when the machinery or equipment is repaired or serviced if unexpected motion would cause injury.




    0 Not allowed!



  3. [1753]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
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    Post Lockout/tagout 7

    Tasks Covered by the Standard



    Part 85 covers the servicing and maintenance of machines and equipment, and associated activities. The purpose is to protect employees from injury due to unexpected/unintended motion, energization, start‑up, or release of stored energy from the machine, equipment, or process. The standard establishes minimum performance requirements for the control of such hazardous energy.

    Energy sources include electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic, mechanical, thermal and chemical. There may also be stored energy, residual energy, that may remain once the primary energy source is shut down. Stored energy may result from steam, air pressure, compression of springs, electrical capacitors, or gravity. For assistance with performing an Energy Source Evaluation, refer to Appendix C, D & D-1.

    Normal production operations are not covered. Servicing and/or maintenance during normal production operations are covered by Part 85 if:

    C An employee is required to remove or bypass a guard or other safety device;
    C An employee is required to place any part of his or her body into an area on a machine or piece of equipment where work is actually performed upon the material being processed (point of operation);
    C An employee is exposed to an associated danger zone during a machine operating cycle.

    0 Not allowed!



  4. [1754]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
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    Post Lockout/tagout 8

    6. Employers Not Covered by the Standard



    MIOSHA Part 85 applies to general industry employers. Part 85 does not apply to:

    · Construction, agriculture and maritime employment;
    · Installations under the exclusive control of electrical utilities for the purpose of power generation, transmission and distribution, including related equipment for communication or metering;
    · Exposure to electrical hazards from work on, near, or with conductors or equipment in electrical utilization installations; and
    · Oil and gas well drilling and servicing.


    0 Not allowed!



  5. [1755]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
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    Post Lockout/tagout 9

    Exceptions to Part 85



    A. Total Exceptions

    Minor Tool Changes
    Minor tool changes and adjustments, and other minor servicing activities which take place during normal production operations, are not covered by Part 85 if they are:
    C Routine
    C Repetitive
    C Integral to the use of the equipment for production

    The above exceptions apply provided that the work is performed using alternative measures which provide effective protection. For more information refer to Section 12: Minor Adjustments and Servicing.

    Cord and Plug Connected Equipment
    Part 85 does not apply to work on cord and plug connected electrical equipment for which exposure to the hazards of unexpected energization or start up of the equipment is controlled by the unplugging of the equipment from the energy source. The unplugged cord must be under the exclusive control of the employee(s) conducting the service or maintenance activities.

    Hot Tap Operations
    Part 85 also excludes hot tap operations involving transmission and distribution systems for substances such as gas, steam, water, or petroleum products when they are performed on pressurized pipelines, provided that the employer demonstrates the following:

    C Continuity of service is essential;
    C Shutdown of the system is impractical;
    C Documented procedures are followed, and special equipment is used which will provide proven effective protection for employees.

    B. Partial Exception
    There is an exemption from required written, equipment-specific procedures when all eight of the elements listed below exist. (Note: Equipment covered by this partial exemption must still be locked out following established procedures listed in Section 8 Lockout /Tagout Program in this compliance guide and Appendix E: Partial Exception Checklist.)

    1. The machine/equipment has no potential for stored or residual energy after shutdown which would endanger an employee.
    2. The machine or equipment has a single energy source, that is
    identifiable and capable of isolation.
    3. The isolation and locking out of that energy source will completely de‑energize and deactivate the machine or equipment.
    4. The machine or equipment is isolated from that energy source and locked ouit during service or maintenance.
    5. A single lockout device will achieve a locked out condition.
    6. The lockout device is under the exclusive control of the authorized employee performing the service or maintenance.
    7. The servicing or maintenance does not create hazards for other employees.
    8. The employer utilizing the exception, has had no accidents involving the unexected activation or energization of the machine or equipment during service or maintenance.


    C. Capability of Accepting Lockout

    Part 85 requires that machines and equipment be capable of being locked out if the machine was installed, modified, renovated, replaced or had major repairs performed after January 2, 1990.

    0 Not allowed!



  6. [1756]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
    المشاركات: 178
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    Post Lockout/tagout 10

    . Lockout/Tagout Program




    A lockout/ tagout program is designed to address risks posed by hazardous energies. Before service/maintenance activities begin, the machine or equipment shall be isolated from the energy source and rendered inoperative. At a minimum, an employer’s lockout/tagout program must include: A) documented energy control procedures, B) employee training, and C) periodic inspections.

    Procedures for each type of machine or equipment must be developed, documented and utilized to address how potentially hazardous energy will be controlled during machine or equipment servicing and maintenance. Employers must also make sure that the established procedures are followed.

    A. Specific Machine/Equipment Procedure

    When a machine specific documented procedure is required, it must include the following actions and elements which must be done in the order listed below when locking or tagging out equipment:


    1. Preparation for shutdown
    All authorized employees need to know the type and magnitude of the energy, the hazards of the energy to be controlled, and the method or means to control the energy before the employee turns off a machine or equipment. The Energy Control Procedure form (Appendix D) should be filled out in advance and used by the authorized employee. Refer to Appendix D-1 for a sample machine specific procedure.

    2. Notify all affected employees
    The authorized employee turning off the power warns affected employees in the work area that power will be shut off, the reason for the shut-down, and that the equipment will be locked/tagged out.

    3. Machine or equipment shutdown
    Procedures must be established for turning off or shutting down each piece of equipment. An orderly shutdown must be utilized to avoid additional or increased hazards to employees as a result of the equipment stoppage. When appropriate, a “DO NOT OPERATE” tag shall be affixed to the OFF switch. For additional information on use of tags, refer to Section 8. Lockout/Program, 8. Use of Tagout Systems.

    4. Machine or equipment isolation
    Physically locate all energy isolating devices that are needed to control the energy of the machine or equipment. Isolate the machine or equipment from the energy sources.

    5. Lockout or tagout device application
    The authorized employee places locks or tags in the appropriate energy isolating location. A lockout device is defined as a device, such as a key lock, that utilizes a positive means or holds an energy isolating device in a safe position and prevents the energizing of a machine or equipment.

    A tagout device is defined as a prominent warning device, such as a tag and means of attachment, that can be securely fastened to an energy isolating device, to indicate that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until the tagout device is removed.

    C Only authorized employees shall place the lockout or tagout device on each energy isolating device;
    C Lockout devices need to be affixed properly so that it will hold the energy isolating devices in a SAFE or OFF position;
    C Tagout devices, when used, must be placed to clearly indicate that operation or movement of energy isolating device from the SAFE or OFF position is not allowed.


    Refer to Section 8. Lockout/Tagout Program, 8. Use of Tagout Systems for additional information.

    6. Release of stored energy
    After lockout devices have been placed on the equipment, all stored electrical, gravitational, mechanical, and/or thermal energy must be disconnected and drained to a zero energy state or otherwise made safe by blocking or repositioning of equipment. This can be accomplished by:

    C Release of pressurized lines such as hydraulic, air, steam, gas and water;
    C Release of spring-loaded equipment;
    C Blocking mechanical equipment with moving, rotating, or elevated parts.

    7. Proof of isolation
    Before starting work on a machine or equipment that has been locked out or tagged out, the authorized employee needs to show that machine or equipment has been isolated or de-energized. This is generally accomplished by first establishing that no personnel are exposed and then turning the machine switch to the ON position using the normal operating controls.

    Verification of isolation must be continued if there is a chance of the re‑accumulation of stored energy during the service/maintenance activity.


    8. Use of Tagout Systems
    A tagout system may be utilized by an employer when an energy isolating device is not capable of being locked out.

    When the energy isolating device is capable of being locked out, the employer must use lockout unless it can be demonstrated that the utilization of a tagout system will provide full employee protection.

    After January 2, 1990, whenever replacement, major repair, renovation or modification of a machine or equipment is performed, and whenever new machines or equipment are installed, it must be capable of accepting a lockout device.

    Whenever tagout systems are used, all other procedures consistent with the lockout program must be followed. Additional control measures must also be taken to reinforce the tagout system.

    Lockout is a sure means of ensuring de-energization of equipment. Therefore, when a tagout program is used for equipment capable of being locked out, an employer must demonstrate the following:


    C The tagout program will provide a level of safety equivalent to that obtained by using a lockout program;
    C Full compliance with all tagout-related provisions of this standard together with such additional elements as are necessary to provide the equivalent safety available from the use of a lockout device;
    C Implementation of additional safety measures such as the removal of an isolating circuit element, blocking of a controlling switch, opening of an extra disconnecting device, or the removal of a valve handle to reduce the likelihood of inadvertent energization.

    Tags must meet the following minimum guidelines:

    C Tags must be legible and understandable by all affected and authorized
    employees;
    C Tags must be made of durable materials to withstand expected
    environmental conditions;
    C Tags must contain warnings against energizing the equipment, such as
    DO NOT START, DO NOT OPEN, DO NOT CLOSE, DO NOT ENERGIZE, or DO NOT OPERATE;
    C Tags must be able to indicate the identity of the employee applying the
    device.

    Tags attached to energy isolating devices should be removed only by the person originally attaching them. Removal by anyone else must follow guidelines established in Section 10: Machine Start-Up.

    Tags must be attached to energy isolating devices securely enough that they cannot be accidently removed and must be in plain view and at the same location as the energy isolating device. Tags cannot be bypassed, ignored or otherwise defeated.

    When tagout systems are used, employees must be trained in the following limitations of tags:

    C Tags are only warning devices placed on energy isolating devices, and
    do not provide physical restraint on those devices that is provided by a lock;
    C Once a tag is attached to an energy isolating means, it is not to be
    removed without permission from the authorized person responsible for it;
    C A tag should also never be bypassed, ignored, or otherwise defeated;
    C Tags must be legible and easily understood by all authorized employees,
    affected employees, and all other employees whose work operations are in or near the area;
    C Tags and their means of attachment must be made of materials which will
    withstand the environmental conditions encountered in the workplace;


    C Tags must be securely attached to energy isolating devices so that they
    cannot be accidentally detached during use.

    B. Employee Training

    The employer’s training program must cover, at a minimum, the following three areas: energy control program, elements of energy control procedures relevant to employee duties, and applicable requirements of Part 85.

    The lockout/tagout requirements include three different levels of training requirements which depend on the duties assigned to the employee. Employees are categorized as Authorized, Affected and Other.

    1. Authorized Employees
    Authorized employees are those who have received proper training and will be issued and apply lockout/tagout devices. An affected employee becomes an authorized employee when duties include performing servicing or maintenance while exposed to potentially hazardous energy. Training for authorized employees shall include:

    C Recognition of locations, types and magnitudes of potential hazardous energy sources in the work area;
    C Proper lockout/tagout procedures;
    C Proper use of lockout/tagout devices (and any related equipment) used by the employer;
    C Lockout or tagout device removal;
    C Explanation of applicable MIOSHA standards.

    2. Affected Employees
    Affected employees need instruction in the purpose and use of the energy control procedures because they must work in the area where equipment is being serviced or maintained under lockout or tagout. The training shall include:

    C Purpose of the energy control procedures;
    C Use of the lockout/tagout procedures;
    C Prohibition on tampering with lockout/tagout equipment.

    3. Other Employees
    An other employee is one whose work operations are or may be in an area
    where energy control procedures may be utilized.


    Other employees must be instructed about the employer’s lockout/tagout procedures. These employees must also be aware that attempts to restart or re‑energize machines or equipment which are locked out or tagged out are not allowed.

    4. Employee Retraining
    Authorized and affected employees must be retrained whenever the following occurs:

    C New or revised energy control procedure is implemented;
    C Authorized employee’s job duties change (regarding lockout/tagout);
    C Change in machines, equipment or processes present a new hazard;
    C Periodic inspections show, or the employer has reason to believe, that inadequacies in the employee’s knowledge or use of the energy control procedures exists.

    Employers must certify that employee retraining has been completed and is kept up to date. The certification should contain each employee’s name, dates of training and items covered. See Appendix F for Sample Employee Training Certification Form.

    C. Periodic Inspection and Review

    At least annually, a periodic inspection of the energy control procedures for equipment/machines involved in the Lockout/Tagout Program must be performed by departments to ensure that proper procedures are being followed. The inspection should be performed by an employee other than the authorized employees utilizing the lockout/tagout procedure. The inspection should include a review between the inspector, authorized employees, and any other affected employees. Typical items covered in an inspection would include:

    C Review of current energy control methods;
    C Correct energy source identification;
    C Proper lockout device usage;
    C Methods used to release stored energies;
    C Review of employee responsibilities and procedures they use under those responsibilities, including following proper lockout/tagout steps;
    C Employee complaints regarding deficiencies in the Lockout/Tagout Program.

    These inspections shall at least provide for a demonstration of the procedures and may be implemented through random audits and planned visual observations. These inspections are intended to ensure that the energy control procedures are being properly implemented and to provide an essential check on the continued utilization of the procedures.



    C When lockout is used, the employer’s inspection shall include a review
    of the responsibilities of each authorized employee implementing the
    procedure with that employee;
    C Group meetings between the authorized employee who is performing
    the inspection and all authorized employees who implement the procedure would constitute compliance with this requirement;
    C When tagout is used, the employer shall conduct this review with each
    affected and authorized employee.

    If the review shows inadequacies in any lockout/tagout procedures, corrections must be made. The inspector should record on the inspection form (See Appendix H) any appropriate changes that have been made and that re‑training is required.

    0 Not allowed!



  7. [1757]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
    المشاركات: 178
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    Post Lockout/tagout 11

    9. Protective Materials and Hardware



    Lockout/tagout equipment consists of tags, locks, hasps, chains, and other hardware for securing, isolating, or blocking equipment from energy sources. The devices must be of durable construction and capable of withstanding conditions in which they are placed such as hot, cold, wet, corrosive, or other environments.

    Lockout/tagout devices must be identified as such and must only be used for the control of hazardous energy sources. All other uses of these devices are prohibited.

    The employer is responsible for providing locks, tags, chains, pins, or other hardware to be used to secure or block equipment/machines from energy sources. The lockout/tagout devices should be standardized in color, shape, size and format.

    0 Not allowed!



  8. [1758]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
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    Post Lockout/tagout 12

    10. Machine Start-Up



    Your documented procedure must also address how you will initiate start-up once maintenance or servicing is complete. Follow this procedure to release the equipment or process from lockout or tagout:

    A. The machine or equipment
    C Inspect the work area to ensure that unnecessary items have been removed and that machine or equipment parts are intact;
    C Ensure all safety guards and devices are reinstalled.


    B. Employees

    C Employees must be safely positioned or removed from the work area;
    C Tell affected employees that the lockout or tagout devices are being removed before removing the lockout or tagout devices and before re‑energizing machines or equipment.

    C. Lockout or tagout devices removal

    C The employee who applied the lockout or tagout device must be the person to remove the device;
    C Affected employees are notified that the servicing is completed and the machine is ready for use.

    D. Lock or tag removal by person(s) other than the person originally attaching the device

    Before removing a lock or tag that has been affixed by another employee, the supervisor must:
    C Verify that the employee who attached the device is not available to remove the device;
    C Make all reasonable efforts to notify the employee that their device will
    be removed;
    C Ensure the authorized employee knows that the lockout/tagout device
    has been removed. This must be done before the employee resumes work.

    When the authorized employee who applied the lockout or tagout device is not available to remove it, that device may be removed under the direction of the employer, provided specific procedures and training for such removal have been developed, documented and incorporated into the employer’s energy control program. The employer shall demonstrate that the specific procedure provides equivalent safety to the removal of the device by the authorized employee who applied it. The specific procedures shall include at least the following elements:

    § Verification by the employer that the authorized employee who applied the device is not at the facility;
    § Making all reasonable efforts to contact the authorized employee to inform him/her that his/her lockout or Tagout device has been removed; and
    § Ensuring that the authorized employee has this knowledge before he/she resumes work at that facility.


    0 Not allowed!



  9. [1759]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
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    Post Lockout/tagout 13

    11. Recordkeeping



    All Lockout/Tagout Program records must be maintained by the employer. The records must include:

    C Employee attendance sheets (See Appendix F);
    C Specific lockout/tagout procedures for equipment/machines covered by the program (See Appendix D);
    C Completed Periodic Inspection of Lockout/Tagout Procedures forms for all equipment/machines in the program (See Appendix H);
    C Training summary including energy control program procedures and applicable requirements of Part 85.

    0 Not allowed!



  10. [1760]
    مروان البرنس
    مروان البرنس غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية مروان البرنس


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2008
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    Post Lockout/tagout 14

    12. Minor Adjustments & Servicing




    Activities such as lubrication, cleaning or un-jamming, servicing of machines or equipment, and making adjustments or tool changes, where the employee may be exposed to the UNEXPECTED energization or start-up of the equipment or release of hazardous energy are covered by this standard. However, minor tool changes and adjustments, and other minor servicing activities, which take place during normal production operations, are not covered by this standard if they are routine, repetitive, and integral to the use of equipment for production, and if work is performed using alternative protective measures which provide effective employee protection.

    Thus, lockout or tagout is not required by this standard if the alternative protective measures enable the servicing employee to clean or un-jam, or otherwise service the machine without being exposed to unexpected energization or activation of the equipment, or the release of stored energy.

    Compliance with the machine guarding requirements is an example of such alternative measures. In addition, personal protective equipment may be necessary during a servicing or maintenance operation when a toxic substance is to be isolated. Under such circumstances, the requirements of applicable standards, such as Part 33, Personal Protective Equipment, must be met.

    An employer who requires employees to perform routine maintenance and/or servicing while a machine or process is operating in the production mode, must provide employee safeguarding under the applicable machine guarding requirements. Operations such as lubrication, draining sumps, servicing of filters, and inspection for leaks and/or mechanical malfunction, are examples of routine operations which often can be accomplished with effective production-mode safeguards.


    However, the replacement of machine or process equipment components such as valves, gauges, linkages, support structure, etc. is not considered to be a normal routine maintenance function which can safely be accomplished during machine or process equipment operation.

    Several alternative means of safeguarding the hazardous portions of machines and equipment are presented by the national consensus standard, ANSI B11.19-1990. Although that standard is not all inclusive, it describes effective safeguarding alternatives for the protection of employees. The safeguards described include: interlocked barrier guards, presence sensing devices and various devices under the exclusive control of the employee. Such devices or guards, properly applied, may be used in clearing minor jams and performing other minor servicing functions which occur during normal production operations and which meet the criteria described above.

    0 Not allowed!



  
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