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  1. [21]
    رشيد الخولي
    رشيد الخولي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية رشيد الخولي


    تاريخ التسجيل: Oct 2006
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    يا صدسقي الملف موجود كملفword في الصفحة السابقة

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  2. [22]
    رشيد الخولي
    رشيد الخولي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية رشيد الخولي


    تاريخ التسجيل: Oct 2006
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  3. [23]
    رشيد الخولي
    رشيد الخولي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية رشيد الخولي


    تاريخ التسجيل: Oct 2006
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    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله و بركاته
    هذا ملف يحوي على بعض المصطلحات المهمة في الهندسة البترولية
    أرجوا أن يعجبكم
    Drilling_Engineering.pdf

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  4. [24]
    رشيد الخولي
    رشيد الخولي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية رشيد الخولي


    تاريخ التسجيل: Oct 2006
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    [FONT='MS Reference Sans Serif','sans-serif']In order to find crude oil underground, geologists must search for a sedimentary basin in which shales rich in organic material have been buried for a sufficiently long time for petroleum to have formed. The petroleum must also have had an opportunity to migrate into porous traps that are capable of holding large amounts of fluid. The occurrence of crude oil in Earth’s crust is limited both by these conditions, which must be met simultaneously, and by the time span of tens of millions to a hundred million years required for the oil’s formation. [/FONT]
    [FONT='MS Reference Sans Serif','sans-serif']Petroleum geologists and geophysicists have many tools at their disposal to assist in identifying potential areas for drilling. Thus, surface mapping of outcrops of sedimentary beds makes possible the interpretation of subsurface features, which can then be supplemented with information obtained by drilling into the crust and retrieving cores or samples of the rock layers encountered. In addition, increasingly sophisticated seismic techniques—the reflection and refraction of sound waves propagated through Earth—reveal details of the structure and interrelationship of various layers in the subsurface. Ultimately, however, the only way to prove that oil is present in the subsurface is to drill a well. In fact, most of the oil provinces in the world have initially been identified by the presence of surface seeps, and most of the actual reservoirs have been discovered by so-called wildcatters who relied perhaps as much on intuition as on science. (The term wildcatter comes from West Texas, where in the early 1920s drilling crews encountered many wildcats as they cleared locations for exploratory wells. Shot wildcats were hung on the oil derricks, and the wells became known as wildcat wells.)[/FONT]
    [FONT='MS Reference Sans Serif','sans-serif']An oil field, once found, may comprise more than one reservoir—that is, more than one single, continuous, bounded accumulation of oil. Several reservoirs may be stacked one above the other, isolated by intervening shales and impervious rock strata. Such reservoirs may vary in size from a few tens of hectares to tens of square kilometers, and from a few meters in thickness to several hundred or more. Most of the oil that has been discovered and exploited in the world has been found in a relatively few large reservoirs. In the United States, for example, 60 of approximately 10,000 oil fields have accounted for half of the productive capacity and reserves.[/FONT]

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  5. [25]
    mojahid
    mojahid غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال


    تاريخ التسجيل: Sep 2006
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    مشكور علي المعلومات القيمة والمفيدة..

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  6. [26]
    sseaea
    sseaea غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو
    الصورة الرمزية sseaea


    تاريخ التسجيل: Dec 2006
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    بارك الله فيك

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  7. [27]
    sseaea
    sseaea غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو
    الصورة الرمزية sseaea


    تاريخ التسجيل: Dec 2006
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    بارك الله فيك

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  8. [28]
    sseaea
    sseaea غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو
    الصورة الرمزية sseaea


    تاريخ التسجيل: Dec 2006
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    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة rsheedkl مشاهدة المشاركة
    [FONT='MS Reference Sans Serif','sans-serif']In order to find crude oil underground, geologists must search for a sedimentary basin in which shales rich in organic material have been buried for a sufficiently long time for petroleum to have formed. The petroleum must also have had an opportunity to migrate into porous traps that are capable of holding large amounts of fluid. The occurrence of crude oil in Earth’s crust is limited both by these conditions, which must be met simultaneously, and by the time span of tens of millions to a hundred million years required for the oil’s formation. [/font]

    [FONT='MS Reference Sans Serif','sans-serif']Petroleum geologists and geophysicists have many tools at their disposal to assist in identifying potential areas for drilling. Thus, surface mapping of outcrops of sedimentary beds makes possible the interpretation of subsurface features, which can then be supplemented with information obtained by drilling into the crust and retrieving cores or samples of the rock layers encountered. In addition, increasingly sophisticated seismic techniques—the reflection and refraction of sound waves propagated through Earth—reveal details of the structure and interrelationship of various layers in the subsurface. Ultimately, however, the only way to prove that oil is present in the subsurface is to drill a well. In fact, most of the oil provinces in the world have initially been identified by the presence of surface seeps, and most of the actual reservoirs have been discovered by so-called wildcatters who relied perhaps as much on intuition as on science. (The term wildcatter comes from West Texas, where in the early 1920s drilling crews encountered many wildcats as they cleared locations for exploratory wells. Shot wildcats were hung on the oil derricks, and the wells became known as wildcat wells.)[/font]
    [FONT='MS Reference Sans Serif','sans-serif']An oil field, once found, may comprise more than one reservoir—that is, more than one single, continuous, bounded accumulation of oil. Several reservoirs may be stacked one above the other, isolated by intervening shales and impervious rock strata. Such reservoirs may vary in size from a few tens of hectares to tens of square kilometers, and from a few meters in thickness to several hundred or more. Most of the oil that has been discovered and exploited in the world has been found in a relatively few large reservoirs. In the United States, for example, 60 of approximately 10,000 oil fields have accounted for half of the productive capacity and reserves.[/font]
    english is the best

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  9. [29]
    Drilling-Engineer
    Drilling-Engineer غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2007
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    thanx bro rsheedkl for this information but i think its better to just make this whole writting in a PDF file

    thank you again

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  10. [30]
    العميل الخاص
    العميل الخاص غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2005
    المشاركات: 30
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    موضوع جميل بارك الله فيك

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