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•●ஐ Early Civilizations ஐ ●•

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  1. [11]
    bint_cool
    bint_cool غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال
    الصورة الرمزية bint_cool


    تاريخ التسجيل: Oct 2005
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    HUNTING AND GATHERING

    -12,000 years ago, hunters and gatherers adapted to conditions as they find them, using what is already there.
    -They hunt game animals.
    -They use plant and animal resources for food, fiber, medicine and soap.
    -Women usually do most of the gathering, while the men specialize in hunting.
    -The group consists of not more than 250 people.


    PASTORALISM

    -Ten to twelve thousand years ago agriculture emerged out of hunting and gathering.
    -A parallel specialization appeared: pastoralism, the herding of domesticated or partially domesticated animals.
    -A good trade started between farmers who had grain, metal and hand made objects to exchange, and pastoral nomads, who had hides, wool, meat and milk products.


    AGRICULTURE

    -Agriculture is not just a way of growing food; it means living and working on the same spot.
    -The opportunity to accumulate new techniques and tools and knowledge.
    -First crops were of cereal grains, wheat and barley.


    DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS

    -Animals protein from meat or milk products is one way to create a sustaining diet based on cereals.
    -Animals were also domesticated to share some of the burden of working in the fields, for pulling carts and for riding.

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  2. [12]
    bint_cool
    bint_cool غير متواجد حالياً
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    الصورة الرمزية bint_cool


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    NEW WAY OF LIFE

    What were the opprtunities of the new way of life?

    -Building of permanent dwellings.
    -Variety of solid dwelling of a more or less permanent sort which make use of local building materials.
    -This cluster of houses.
    -Some individuals who are skilled at making clothing or working with wood, begin to spend all of their time to specialize in this craft.
    -Wealth acquires meaning, because one can accumulate and store useful or desirable objects.
    -Knowledge also became a wealth.


    EARLY HOUSES

    -Early mud-brick dwelling of Mesopotamia suggests how elaborate village dwellings soon became.
    -Many rooms, roof space and central courtyard.

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    •●ஐ bint_cool ஐ●•

    Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    King Faisal University
    College of Interior Architecture

  3. [13]
    bint_cool
    bint_cool غير متواجد حالياً
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    الصورة الرمزية bint_cool


    تاريخ التسجيل: Oct 2005
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    some examples


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  4. [14]
    bint_cool
    bint_cool غير متواجد حالياً
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    الصورة الرمزية bint_cool


    تاريخ التسجيل: Oct 2005
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    وهذا رابط لموقع جامعه واشنطون فيه محاظرات مرتبطه بالموضوع... اللي هو الحظارات القديمه وتاريخها وعمارتها
    http://courses.washington.edu/arch150/lectures.htm



    :)

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    •●ஐ bint_cool ஐ●•

    Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    King Faisal University
    College of Interior Architecture

  5. [15]
    حسام عبدالله
    حسام عبدالله غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو متميز


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2007
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    it is a valueable information.
    thanks a lot.

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