دورات هندسية

 

 

Wind and Solar Power Systems

النتائج 1 إلى 4 من 4
  1. [1]
    الصورة الرمزية نايف علي
    نايف علي
    نايف علي غير متواجد حالياً

    عضو فائق التميز

    تاريخ التسجيل: Sep 2006
    المشاركات: 2,284
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 11
    Given: 10

    Wind and Solar Power Systems



    Book Description
    Wind and solar energy are pollution-free sources of abundant power. With renewable power generation expected to become more and more profitable with open access to transmission lines and rapid growth around the world, the design, operation, and control of alternative energy resources becomes an essential field of study. Wind and Solar Power Systems provides a comprehensive treatment of this rapidly growing segment of the power industry. It provides the fundamentals of wind and solar power generation, energy conversion and storage, and the operational aspects of power electronics and the quality of power. It covers in detail the design, operation, and control methods applicable to stand-alone as well as grid-connected power systems and discusses the present status of and the on-going research in renewable power around the world.Wind and Solar Power Systems stands as the most modern, complete book available on renewable energy. Electrical, environmental and mechanical engineering professionals along with policy-makers evaluating the renewable energy potential of their regions will find in it the background and the details they need for decision making.

    Product Details

    Hardcover: 368 pages
    Publisher: CRC Press (March 30, 1999)
    Language: English
    ISBN-10: 0849316057
    ISBN-13: 978-0849316050

    http://ifile.it/osq706


  2. [2]
    nadoosh
    nadoosh غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً


    تاريخ التسجيل: Nov 2006
    المشاركات: 339
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 0
    Given: 0
    thanks alot

    0 Not allowed!



  3. [3]
    أحمد المنصور
    أحمد المنصور غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال
    الصورة الرمزية أحمد المنصور


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jun 2006
    المشاركات: 56
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 0
    Given: 0
    مشكور،، جزاك الله خيرًا.

    0 Not allowed!



  4. [4]
    أهل الحديث
    أهل الحديث غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو شرف


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jul 2006
    المشاركات: 18,342

    وسام الشكر

     وسام كبار الشخصيات

    Thumbs Up
    Received: 205
    Given: 261

    Post Wind and Solar Power Systems



    Wind and Solar Power Systems

    by: Mukund R. Patel

    Wind and solar energy are pollution-free sources of abundant power. With renewable power generation expected to become more and more profitable with open access to transmission lines and rapid growth around the world, the design, operation, and control of alternative energy resources becomes an essential field of study. Wind and Solar Power Systems provides a comprehensive treatment of this rapidly growing segment of the power industry. It provides the fundamentals of wind and solar power generation, energy conversion and storage, and the operational aspects of power electronics and the quality of power. It covers in detail the design, operation, and control methods applicable to stand-alone as well as grid-connected power systems and discusses the present status of and the on-going research in renewable power around the world.Wind and Solar Power Systems stands as the most modern, complete book available on renewable energy. Electrical, environmental and mechanical engineering professionals along with policy-makers evaluating the renewable energy potential of their regions will find in it the background and the details they need for decision making.
    Renewable Power Systems explains how wind and solar energy generate electrical power. The book covers the fundamentals of the wind and photovoltaic power generation -- design, operation, and control methods applicable to the stand-alone as well as grid-connected power systems -- steady state as well as dynamic performance and operation -- methods for extracting the maximum power at a given site -- past and present trends as well as anticipated growth -- and energy maps of several countries, useful for assessing the annual energy potential of any site.
    Cover

    Wind and Solar Power Systems

    ISBN-13: 9780849316050

    Preface

    About the Author

    About the Book

    Acknowledgment

    Contents

    Chapter 1: Introduction

    1.1 Industry Overview

    1.2 Incentives for Renewables

    1.3 Utility Perspective

    1.3.1 Modularity

    1.3.2 Emission-Free

    References

    Chapter 2: Wind Power

    2.1 Wind in the World

    2.2 The U.S.A.

    2.3 Europe

    2.4 India

    2.5 Mexico

    2.6 Ongoing Research and Development

    References

    Chapter 3: Photovoltaic Power

    3.1 Present Status

    3.2 Building Integrated pv Systems

    3.3 pv Cell Technologies

    3.3.1 Single-Crystalline Silicon

    3.3.2 Polycrystalline and Semicrystalline

    3.3.3 Thin Films

    3.3.4 Amorphous Silicon

    3.3.5 Spheral

    3.3.6 Concentrated Cells

    3.4 pv Energy Maps

    References

    Chapter 4: Wind Speed and Energy Distributions

    4.1 Speed and Power Relations

    4.2 Power Extracted from the Wind

    4.3 Rotor Swept Area

    4.4 Air Density

    4.5 Global Wind Patterns

    4.6 Wind Speed Distribution

    4.6.1 Weibull Probability Distribution

    4.6.2 Mode and Mean Speeds

    4.6.3 Root Mean Cube Speed

    4.6.4 Mode, Mean, and rmc Speeds Compared

    4.6.5 Energy Distribution

    4.6.6 Digital Data Loggers

    4.6.7 Effect of Height

    4.6.8 Importance of Reliable Data

    4.7 Wind Speed Prediction

    4.8 Wind Resource Maps

    4.8.1 The U.S.A.

    4.8.2 Minnesota

    4.8.3 The United Kingdom

    4.8.4 Europe

    4.8.5 Mexico

    4.8.6 India

    References

    Chapter 5: Wind Power System

    5.1 System Components

    5.1.1 Tower

    5.1.2 Turbine Blades

    5.1.3 Yaw Control

    5.1.4 Speed Control

    5.2 Turbine Rating

    5.3 Electrical Load Matching

    5.4 Variable-Speed Operation

    5.5 System Design Features

    5.5.1 Number of Blades

    5.5.2 Rotor Upwind or Downwind

    5.5.3 Horizontal Axis Versus Vertical Axis

    5.5.4 Spacing of the Towers

    5.6 Maximum Power Operation

    5.6.1 Constant Tip-Speed Ratio Scheme

    5.6.2 Peak Power Tracking Scheme

    5.7 System Control Requirements

    5.7.1 Speed Control

    5.7.2 Rate Control

    5.8 Environmental Aspects

    5.8.1 Audible Noise

    5.8.2 Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)

    References

    Chapter 6: Electrical Generator

    6.1 Electromechanical Energy Conversion

    6.1.1 DC Machine

    6.1.2 Synchronous Machine

    6.1.3 Induction Machine

    6.2 Induction Generator

    6.2.1 Construction

    6.2.2 Working Principle

    6.2.3 Rotor Speed and Slip

    6.2.4 Equivalent Circuit for Performance Calculations

    6.2.5 Efficiency and Cooling

    6.2.6 Self Excitation Capacitance

    6.2.7 Torque Speed Characteristic

    6.2.8 Transients

    References

    Chapter 7: Generator Drives

    7.1 Speed Control Regions

    7.2 Generator Drives

    7.2.1 One Fixed-Speed Drive

    7.2.2 Two Fixed-Speeds Drive

    7.2.3 Variable-Speed Using Gear Drive

    7.2.4 Variable-Speed Using Power Electronics

    7.2.5 Scherbius Variable-Speed Drive

    7.2.6 Variable-Speed Direct Drive

    7.3 Drive Selection

    7.4 Cut-Out Speed Selection

    References

    Chapter 8: Solar Photovoltaic Power System

    8.1 The pv Cell

    8.2 Module and Array

    8.3 Equivalent Electrical Circuit

    8.4 Open Circuit Voltage and Short Circuit Current

    8.5 i-v and p-v Curves

    8.6 Array Design

    8.6.1 Sun Intensity

    8.6.2 Sun Angle

    8.6.3 Shadow Effect

    8.6.4 Temperature Effect

    8.6.5 Effect of Climate

    8.6.6 Electrical Load Matching

    8.6.7 Sun Tracking

    8.7 Peak Power Point Operation

    8.8 pv System Components

    References

    Chapter 9: Solar Thermal System

    9.1 Energy Collection

    9.1.1 Parabolic Trough

    9.1.2 Central Receiver

    9.1.3 Parabolic Dish

    9.2 Solar II Power Plant

    9.3 Synchronous Generator

    9.3.1 Equivalent Electrical Circuit

    9.3.2 Excitation Methods

    9.3.3 Electrical Power Output

    9.3.4 Transient Stability Limit

    9.4 Commercial Power Plants

    References

    Chapter 10: Energy Storage

    10.1 Battery

    10.2 Types of Batteries

    10.2.1 Lead-Acid

    10.2.2 Nickel Cadmium

    10.2.3 Nickel-Metal Hydride

    10.2.4 Lithium-Ion

    10.2.5 Lithium-Polymer

    10.2.6 Zinc-Air

    10.3 Equivalent Electrical Circuit

    10.4 Performance Characteristics

    10.4.1 Charge/Discharge Voltages

    10.4.2 Charge/Discharge Ratio

    10.4.3 Energy Efficiency

    10.4.4 Internal Resistance

    10.4.5 Charge Efficiency

    10.4.6 Self-Discharge and Trickle Charge

    10.4.7 Memory Effect

    10.4.8 Effects of Temperature

    10.4.9 Internal Loss and Temperature Rise

    10.4.10 Random Failure

    10.4.11 Wear-Out Failure

    10.4.12 Various Batteries Compared

    10.5 More on Lead-Acid Battery

    10.6 Battery Design

    10.7 Battery Charging

    10.8 Charge Regulators

    10.8.1 Multiple Charge Rates

    10.8.2 Single Charge Rate

    10.8.3 Unregulated Charging

    10.9 Battery Management

    10.9.1 Monitoring and Controls

    10.9.2 Safety

    10.10 Flywheel

    10.10.1 Energy Relations

    10.10.2 Flywheel System Components

    10.10.3 Flywheel Benefits Over Battery

    10.11 Compressed Air

    10.12 Superconducting Coil

    References

    Chapter 11: Power Electronics

    11.1 Basic Switching Devices

    11.2 AC to DC Rectifier

    11.3 DC to AC Inverter

    11.4 Grid Interface Controls

    11.4.1 Voltage Control

    11.4.2 Frequency Control

    11.5 Battery Charge/Discharge Converters

    11.5.1 Battery Charge Converter

    11.5.2 Battery Discharge Converter

    11.6 Power Shunts

    References

    Chapter 12: Stand-Alone System

    12.1 pv Stand-Alone

    12.2 Electric Vehicle

    12.3 Wind Stand-Alone

    12.4 Hybrid System

    12.4.1 Hybrid with Diesel

    12.4.2 Hybrid with Fuel Cell

    12.4.3 Mode Controller

    12.4.4 Load Sharing

    12.5 System Sizing

    12.5.1 Power and Energy Estimates

    12.5.2 Battery Sizing

    12.5.3 pv Array Sizing

    12.6 Wind Farm Sizing

    References

    Chapter 13: Grid-Connected System

    13.1 Interface Requirements

    13.2 Synchronizing with Grid

    13.2.1 Inrush Current

    13.2.2 Synchronous Operation

    13.2.3 Load Transient

    13.2.4 Safety

    13.3 Operating Limit

    13.3.1 Voltage Regulation

    13.3.2 Stability Limit

    13.4 Energy Storage and Load Scheduling

    13.5 Utility Resource Planning Tool

    References

    Chapter 14: Electrical Performance

    14.1 Voltage Current and Power Relations

    14.2 Component Design for Maximum Efficiency

    14.3 Electrical System Model

    14.4 Static Bus Impedance and Voltage Regulation

    14.5 Dynamic Bus Impedance and Ripple

    14.6 Harmonics

    14.7 Quality of Power

    14.7.1 Harmonic Distortion

    14.7.2 Voltage Transients and Sags

    14.7.3 Voltage Flickers

    14.8 Renewable Capacity Limit

    14.8.1 System Stiffness

    14.8.2 Interfacing Standards

    14.9 Lightning Protection

    14.10 National Electrical Code® on Renewable Power Systems

    References

    Chapter 15: Plant Economy

    15.1 Energy Delivery Factor

    15.2 Initial Capital Cost

    15.3 Availability and Maintenance

    15.4 Energy Cost Estimates

    15.5 Sensitivity Analysis

    15.5.1 Effect of Wind Speed Variations

    15.5.2 Effect of Tower Height

    15.6 Profitability Index

    15.6.1 Wind Farm Screening Chart

    15.6.2 pv Park Screening Chart

    15.6.3 Stand-Alone pv Versus Grid Line

    15.7 Hybrid Economics

    References

    Chapter 16: The Future

    16.1 World Electricity Demand to 2015

    16.2 Wind Future

    16.3 pv Future

    16.4 Declining Production Costs

    16.5 Market Penetration

    16.6 Effect of Utility Restructuring

    16.6.1 Energy Policy Act of 1992

    16.6.2 Impact on Renewable Power Producers

    References

    Further Reading

    Appendix 1

    National Electrical Code® — Article 705

    Appendix 2

    Sources of Further Information on Renewable Energy

    U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

    Electronic Information Server

    Document Distribution Service

    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Clearinghouse

    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network

    Renewable Electric Plant Information System

    Renewable Resource Data Center

    Technical Inquiry Service

    Technology and Business Ventures Office

    Visitors Center

    Solar Energy Information Sources

    Manufacturers of Solar Cells and Modules in the U.S.A.

    Wind Energy Information Sources

    University Wind Energy Programs in the U.S.A.

    Periodicals on Wind Energy

    International Wind Energy Associations

    Wind Power System Suppliers in the U.S.A.

    Utility-scale wind turbines manufacturers and developers

    European Wind Energy Association

    Manufacturers and Developers

    Research & Consultancy

    National Associations

    Acronyms

    Conversion of Units

    Acronyms

    Conversion of Units
    http://ifile.it/osq706
    http://megaupload.com/?d=T1ENKSPS
    http://www.mediafire.com/?glc74cyvoi1c0p9
    http://ifile.it/lgoei9
    http://megaupload.com/?d=TWWN9NM1
    archive password: ebooksclub.org



    0 Not allowed!




    { الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءَهُمُ }

  
الكلمات الدلالية لهذا الموضوع

عرض سحابة الكلمة الدلالية

RSS RSS 2.0 XML MAP HTML