اكثر من رائعة
اكثر من رائعة
الله يعطيك العافيه مجسمات رائعة جدا
akther men ra2e3
شيء جميل مشكوين
هذه مجسمات دفعتكم كامله ولا في مجسمات تانية انتو قليلين لهذي الدرجة ارجو عرض مجسمات مشروعكم الجديد............................................ .................................................. .................................................. ....
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!
ماشاء الله عليهم الصراحه ماعليهم اي كلام
جزاك الله خير
لتمنى ان اكون عضو متميز لدى هذا المنتدى zomaa
مجهود رائع من طلاب العمارة بجامعة صنعاء
واضح أن هناك تطور في أسلوب التدريس و أطلاع الطلاب علي العمارة العالمية.
فأبرزت مواهب تصميمية
اخي (يا زمن)
هذه بعض المعلومات عن المباني الذكيه, بس بالغه الإنكليزيه, وكنت باترجمها لك, لكن يعلم الله أني لا أملك الوقت الكافي لذلك, لأن عندي اختبارات نهاية الترم بعد أسبوع "دعواتكم", لكن أتمنى أن تكون كافيه لأخذ نظره عامه عن الموضوع
Why Intelligent Buildings?
·-Environmentally conscious - green issues·-Spurred by the need to provide new infrastructure and facilities to support activities based on advances in computing and communication technologies·-Accommodate new types of work and changing lifestylesoSilicon chip fabricationoOpto-electronics laboratories for photonics and fibre optic communication and switching devicesoFinancial deregulation and the need for new dealer rooms for equipment for global electronic financial transactionsoControl and switching centres for computer and telecommunications systems and other infrastructure eg. Control of air traffic, transportation and utilities systems·- Buildings need to be designed, engineered and constructed for new and different functions·- ICT offered the AEC industry opportunities to monitor building performancesoDevelopments in climate controloEnvironmental systems
What is Intelligent Building?
·- Buildings that provide a responsive, effective and supportive environment for relevant activities
·- Created at the design stage but also needs intelligent operations management
·- Technologically aware
·- Meet the needs of occupants and business
·- Flexible and adaptable to deal with change
AN intelligent building is one in which the building fabric, space, servicesand information systems can respond in an efficient manner to the initial and changing demands of the owner, occupier and the environment Arup (2003)
An intelligent building is one that provides a productive and cost effective environment through optimization of its four basic elements – structure, systems, services and management – and the interrelationships between them. Intelligent buildings help building owners, property managers and occupants realize their goals in the area of cost, energy management, comfort, convenience, safety, long term flexibility and marketability.
(Intelligent building Institute, Washington DC)
An intelligent building combines innovations and technology with skilful management to maximize return on investment
International Symposium, Toronto (1985)
An intelligent building is one which has an information communication network through which two or more of its services systems are automatically controlled, guided by predictions based upon a knowledge of the building and usage, maintained in an integrated database.
The term refers to any structure designed to incorporate a combination of electronic systems for the convenience, comfort or safety of its occupants. Such systems include networks, facilities for data processing, office automation, telecommunications and building management systems.
An Intelligent building is a dynamic and responsive architecture that provides every occupant with productive, cost effective and environmentally approved conditions through a continuous interaction among its four basic elements: places )fabric,; structure; facilities); processes )automation; control; systems); people (services; users); and management (maintenance; performance) and the interrelations between them.
CIB working Group W098 (1995)
An intelligent building is one that provides a responsive, effective and supportive intelligent environment within which the organization can achieve its business objectives.
High performance green buildings are energy and resource efficient, non-wasteful and non-polluting, highly flexible and adaptable for long term functionality, they are easy to operate and maintain, and are supportive of the productivity and well-being of the occupants.
From the point of view of users, there are four fundamentally important areas:
·- The senses
·Whole Life Values.-
Some characteristics of Intelligent Buildings
·- Naturally responsive buildings with the discriminate use of appropriate high technology interactive systems.·- Low environmental impacts on external and internal environments
·- Sustainable water and waste systems
·- Healthy environments
·- Low energy consumption
·- Good management
With the rapid development of technology it is easy for buildings to be stuffed with complex and complicated equipment to operate systems. Achieving simplicity involves a period of acquiring understanding and during this time formulating solutions is difficult. The result is often overcomplicated solutions. As we gain a deeper understanding about intelligent buildings it will be easier to achieve solutions characterized by simplicity in operations.
·Buildings will be largely shaped by value for money water conservation, occupant well being, health, productivity, renewable energy and energy effectiveness.
·The following technological issues are important:oEmbedded sensors and automatic controllers allowing buildings and other inanimate objects to have intelligence
oBiomimetics and biotechnology as major forces in developing new materials
oNanotechnology affecting new materials, processes and inventions – new materials, processes and inventions – revolutionizing health, eliminate pollution, provide super intelligence and super resource efficiency
oEnergy production and related new technologies which are more sustainable
oChip implants for direct transfer of electronic information
oICT allowing greater virtual interaction, virtual modeling and e-business·The future drivers for intelligent buildings are likely to be ICTs, robotics, smart materials, sustainable issues technologies and social change.
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