دورات هندسية



@@- قســـــم الهندسة البحرية [email protected]@

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  1. [71]
    Eng-Maher غير متواجد حالياً
    مشرف قسم الهندسة البحرية.
    الصورة الرمزية Eng-Maher

    تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2006
    المشاركات: 4,879

    وسام الاشراف

    Thumbs Up
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    Given: 408
    B/N- Booking note
    BOATSWAIN (BOSUN)- The highest unlicensed rating in the deck department who has
    immediate charge of all deck hands and who in turn comes under the direct orders of the master
    or chief mate or mate.
    BOILERS- Steam generating units used aboard ship to provide steam for propulsion (and) for
    heating and other auxiliary purposes.
    BOW THRUSTERS - A propeller at the lower sea-covered part of the bow of the ship which turns
    at right angles to the fore-and-aft line and thus provides transverse thrust as a manoeuvering aid.
    B/p or BOP - Balance of payments.
    BREADTH- See Beam
    BREAKBULK VESSEL- A general, multipurpose, cargo ship that carriers cargoes of nonuniform
    sizes, often on pallets, resulting in labor-intensive loading and unloading; calls at various ports to
    pick up different kinds of cargoes.
    BREAK BULK- The process of assimilating many small shipments into one large shipment at a
    central point so that economies of scale may be achieved; to commence discharge of cargo.
    BRIDGE -Used loosely to refer to the navigating section of the vessel where the wheel house and
    chart room are located; erected structure amidships or aft or very rarely fore over the main deck
    of a ship to accommodate the wheelhouse.
    BROKERAGE- Percentage of freight payable to broker (by owners in c/p's) or applicable to sale
    or purchase.
    BULK -Cargo shipped in loose condition and of a homogeneous nature.Cargoes that are shipped
    unpackaged either dry, such as grain and ore, or liquid, such as petroleum products. Bulk service
    generally is not provided on a regularly scheduled basis, but rather as needed, on specialized
    ships, transporting a specific commodity.
    BULK CARRIER- Ship specifically designed to transport vast amounts of cargoes such as sugar,
    grain, wine, ore, chemicals, liquefied natural gas; coal and oil. See also LNG Carrier, Tanker,
    OBO Ship.
    BULKHEAD - A name given to any vertical partition which separates different compartments or
    spaces from one another.
    BUNKERS- Fuel consumed by the engines of a ship; compartments or tanks in a ship for fuel
    BUOY - A floating object employed as an aid to mariners to mark the navigable limits of channels,
    their fairways, sunken dangers, isolated rocks, telegraph cables, and the like; floating devices
    fixed in place at sea, lake or river as reference points for navigation or for other purposes.
    CABLE SHIP- A specially constructed ship for the laying and repairing of telegraph and telephone
    cables across channels, seas, lakes, and oceans.
    CABOTAGE -The carriage of goods or passengers for remuneration taken on at one point and
    discharged at another point within the territory of the same country.
    CABOTAGE POLICIES- Reservation of a country's coastal (domestic) shipping for its own flag
    CAORF -Computer-Assisted Operations Research Facility: A MarAd R&D facility located at U.S.
    Merchant Marine Academy, Kings Point,New York.
    CAPESIZE- A vessel too large to pass through the Suez Canal.
    CARGO HANDLING- The act of loading and discharging a cargo ship.
    CARGO PLAN- A plan giving the quantities and description of the various grades carried in the
    ship's cargo tanks, after the loading is completed.
    CARGO PREFERENCE- Reserving a portion of a nation's imports and exports to national-flag
    CARGO RETENTION CLAUSES- Clauses introduced by charterers based on shortage of
    delivered cargo because of increased oil prices.
    CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA ACT - A law enacted in 1936 covering the transportation of
    merchandise by sea to or from ports of the United States and in foreign trades.
    CARRIERS- Owners or operators of vessels providing transportation to shippers. The term is also
    used to refer to the vessels.
    CATAMARAN- A double or treble-hulled vessel constructed in wood, aluminum or reinforced
    glass fibre and is also composed of two or three hulls diagonally joined together by various
    methods. Normally no ballast is needed to counteract the center buoyancy since it enjoys good
    stability at sea.
    CATUG -Short for Catamaran Tug. A rigid catamaran tug connected to a barge. When joined
    together, they form and look like a single hull of sa ship; oceangoing integrated tug-barge
    CATWALK - A raised bridge running fore and aft from the midship, and also called "walkway". It
    affords safe passage over the pipelines and other deck obstructions.
    CBF- Cubic feet
    CBM- Cubic metres
    CCC -Commodity Credit Corporation.
    CCF -Capital Construction Fund: A tax benefit for operators of U.S.-built, U.S.-flag ships in the
    U.S. foreign, Great Lakes, or noncontiguous domestic trades, by which taxes may be deferred on
    income deposited in a fund to be used for the replacement of vessels.
    CDS -Construction Differential Subsidy: A direct subsidy paid to U.S. shipyards building U.S.-flag
    ships to offset high construction costs in American shipyards. An amount of subsidy (up to 50
    percent) is determined by estimates of construction cost differentials between U.S. and foreign
    CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRY - A document specifying the nation registry of the vessel.
    C & F -Cost and Freight
    C & I -Cost and Insurance
    CHANDLER- A person who deals in the selling of provisions, dried stores,etc.
    CHARTERER- The person to whom is given the use of the whole of the carrying capacity of a
    ship for the transportation of cargo or passengers to a stated port for a specified time.
    CHARTER RATES - The tariff applied for chartering tonnage in a particular trade.
    CHARTER PARTY- A contractual agreement between a ship owner and a cargo owner, usually
    arranged by a broker, whereby a ship is chartered (hired) either for one voyage or a period of
    Chemical tanker - Specially designed for the transport of chemicals.
    CHIEF ENGINEER- The senior engineer officer responsible for the satisfactory working and
    upkeep of the main and auxiliary machinery and boiler plant on board ship.
    CHIEF MATE - The officer in the deck department next in rank to the master; second in command
    of a ship. He is next to the master, most especially in the navigation and as far as the deck
    department is concerned. The chief mate assumes the position of the Master in his absence.
    C.I.F. - Cost, Insurance and Freight: Export term in which the price quoted by the exporter
    includes the costs of ocean transportation to the port of destination and insurance coverage.
    CLASSIFICATION SOCIETY- Worldwide experienced and reputable societies. which undertake
    to arrange inspections and advise on the hull and machinery of a ship. A private organization that
    supervises vessels during their construction and afterward, in respect to their seaworthiness, and
    the placing of vessels in grades or "classes" according to the society's rules for each particular
    type. It is not compulsory by law that a shipowner have his vessel built according to the rules of
    any classification society; but in practice, the difficulty in securing satisfactory insurance rates for
    an unclassed vessel makes it a commercial obligation.
    CLEAN SHIP- Refers to tankers which have their cargo tanks free of traces of dark persistent oils
    which remain after carrying crudes and heavy fuel oils.
    COA- Contract of affreightment
    COASTWISE- Domestic shipping routes along a single coast.
    CODE OF LINER CONDUCT (UNCTAD)- A convention drafted under the auspices of the United
    Nations Conference on Trade and Development which provides that all shipping traffic between
    two foreign countries is to be regulated as far as the quantities of shipments are concerned on the
    following percentages -- 40% for owners of the country of origin, 40% for owners of country of
    destination, and 20% for owners of the country which is neither the origin nor the destination.
    COGSA- Carriage of Goods by Sea
    COLLIER- Vessel used for transporting coal.
    COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM- Electronic system commonly used to prevent collisions in
    inland navigable waterways.
    COLREG -Convention on International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea.
    COMBI -Combination passenger/cargo vessel; a vessel specifically designed to carry both
    containers and conventional cargoes.
    Combined ships - Ships which can carry both liquid and dry bulk cargoes.
    COMMISSION- See "Brokerage"
    COMMON CARRIER- Holds himself out for hire to the general public. Must post rates and cannot
    discriminate against customers whose cargo he is equipped to carry.
    COMPLEMENT - The number of officers and crew employed upon a vessel for its safe navigation
    and operation.
    CONFERENCE- An affiliation of shipowners operating over the same route(s) who agree to
    charge uniform rates and other terms of carriage. A conference is "closed" if one can enter only
    by the consent of existing members of the conference. It is "open" if anyone can enter by meeting
    certain technical and financial standards. Conference members are common carriers.
    CONGESTIONS- Port/berth delays
    CONSIGNEE - The person to whom cargo is consigned as stated on the bills of lading.
    Construction unit - Equipped to assist during offshore construction and maintenance work.
    CONSIGNOR- The person named in the bill of lading as the one from whom the goods have
    been received for shipment.
    CONTAINER- A van, flatrack, open top trailer or other similar trailer body on or into which cargo
    is loaded and transported without chassis aboard ocean vessels.; a large rectangular or square
    container/box of a strong structure that can withstand continuous rough handling from ship to
    shore and back. It opens from one side to allow cargo to be stacked and stowed into it.
    CONTAINER SHIP- A ship constructed in such a way that she can easily stack containers near
    and on top of each other as well as on deck. A vessel designed to carry standard intermodal
    containers enabling efficient loading, unloading, and transport to and from the vessel.
    Oceangoing merchant ship designed to transport a unit load of standard-sized containers 8 feet
    square and 20 or 40 feet long. The hull is divided into cells that are easily accessible through
    large hatches, and more containers can be loaded on deck atop the closed hatches. Loading and
    unloading can proceed simultaneously using giant traveling cranes at special berths. Container
    ships usually carry in the range of 25,000 to 50,000 deadweight tons. Whereas a general-cargo
    ship may spend as much as 70 percent of its life in port loading and discharging cargo, a
    container ship can be turned around in 36 hours or less, spending as little as 20 percent of its
    time in port. This ship type is the result of American design innovation. Specialized types of
    container ships are the LASH and SeaBee which carry floating containers (or "lighters,") and
    RoRo ships, which may carry containers on truck trailers.
    CONTRACT OF AFFREIGHTMENT (COA)- A service contract under which a ship owner agrees
    to transport a specified quantity of fuel products or specialty products, at a specified rate per ton,
    between designated loading and discharge ports. This type contract differs from a spot or
    consecutive voyage charter in that no particular vessel is. specified.
    C/P- Charter Party
    CPI -Consumer Price Index.
    CREW -The personnel engaged on board ship, excluding the master and officers and the
    passengers on passenger ships.
    CREW LIST- List prepared by the master of a ship showing the full names, nationality, passport
    or discharge book number, rank and age of every officer and crew member engaged on board
    that ship. This serves as one of the essential ship's documents which is always requested to be
    presented and handed over to the customs and immigration authorities when they board the
    vessel on arrival.
    CROSS-TRADES- Foreign-to-foreign trade carried by ships from a nation other than the two
    trading nations.
    CRUDE OIL WASHING- A technique of cleaning tanks in oil tankers.
    Cubic capacity - The most important commercial measurement when the intrinsic weight of the
    cargo is so low that the ship becomes full without being loaded to the cargo line. Is expressed in
    cubic metres or cubic feet.
    DANGEROUS CARGO- All substances of an inflammable nature which are liable to spontaneous
    combustion either in themselves or when stowed adjacent to other substances and, when mixed
    with air, are liable to generate explosive gases or produce suffocation or poisoning or tainting of
    DANGEROUS LIQUIDS- Liquids giving off inflammable vapors.
    DAVITS -Two radial cranes on a ship which hold the lifeboats. They are constructed in such a
    way as to lower and lift the lifeboats the easiest way possible and are also unobstructed in case
    of an emergency.
    DEADFREICHT- Space booked by shipper or charterer on a vessel but not used
    DEADFREIGHT FACTOR- Percentage of a ship's carrying capacity that is not utilized.
    DEADWEIGHT/DWAT/DWCC- A common measure of ship carrying capacity. The number of tons
    (2240 lbs.) of cargo, stores and bunkers that a vessel can transport. It is the difference between
    the number of tons of water a vessel displaces "light" and the number of tons it displaces "when
    submerged to the 'deep load line'." A vessel's cargo capacity is less than its total deadweight
    tonnage. The difference in weight between a vessel when it is fully loaded and when it is empty

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    الحمد لله

  2. [72]
    Eng-Maher غير متواجد حالياً
    مشرف قسم الهندسة البحرية.
    الصورة الرمزية Eng-Maher

    تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2006
    المشاركات: 4,879

    وسام الاشراف

    Thumbs Up
    Received: 103
    Given: 408
    LASH SHIPS -LASH stand for Lighter Aboard Ship. It is a specialized container ship carrying very
    large floating containers, or "lighters." The ship carries its own massive crane, which loads and
    discharges the containers over the stern. The lighters each have a capacity of 400 tons and are
    stowed in the holds and on deck. While, the ship is at sea with one set of lighters, further sets can
    be made ready. Loading and discharge are rapid at about 15 minutes per lighter, no port or dock
    facilities are needed, and the lighters can be grouped for pushing by towboats along inland
    LAY/CAN- Laydays/cancelling
    LAYTIME -Time allowed by the shipowner to the voyage charterer or bill of lading holder in which
    to load and/or discharge the cargo. It is expressed as a number of days or hours or as a number
    of tons per day.
    LAY-UP -Temporary cessation of trading of a ship by a shipowner during a period when there is a
    surplus of ships in relation to the level of available cargoes. This surplus, known as
    overtonnaging, has the effect of depressing freight rates to the extent that some shipowners no
    long find it economical to trade their ship, preferring to lay them up until there is a reversal in the
    L/C- Letter of credit
    LESS THAN CONTAINER LOAD- A consignment of cargo which is inefficient to fill a shipping
    container. It is grouped with other consignments for the same destination in a container at a
    container freight station.
    LIFEBOAT- A specially constructed double ended boat which can withstand heavy, rough seas.
    LIFEBOAT DRILL- The master of every vessel is bound by international law to make the officers,
    crew and passengers adequately acquainted with the procedures of lowering and the use of
    lifeboats in case of emergency.
    LIGHT DISPLACEMENT TONNAGE- The weight of a ship's hull, machinery, equipment and
    spares.This is often the basis on which ships are paid for when purchased for scrapping. The
    difference between the loaded displacement and light displacement is the ship's deadweight.
    LIGHTER- General name for a broad, flat-bottomed boat used in transporting cargo between a
    vessel and the shore. The distinction between a lighter and a barge is more in the manner of use
    than in equipment. The term "lighter" refers to a short haul, generally in connection with loading
    and unloading operations of vessels in harbor while the term "barge" is more often used when the
    cargo is being carried to its destination over a long distance.
    LIGHTER ABOARD SHIP- An ocean ship which carries barges. These barges are loaded with
    cargo, often at a variety of locations, towed to the ocean ship, sometimes referred to as the
    mother ship, and lifted or, in some cases, floated on board. After the ocean crossing, the barges
    are off-loaded and towed to their various destinations. The ocean ship then receives a further set
    of barges which have been assembled in readiness. This concept was designed to eliminate the
    need for specialized port equipment and to avoid transshipment with its consequent extra cost.
    LIGHTERAGE- Charge for conveying cargo by lighters or barges.
    LIGHTERING- Conveying cargo with another vessel known as a lighter from ship to shore, or vice
    LIEN- Retention of property until outstanding dept is paid
    LINER -A cargo-carrying ship which is operated between scheduled,advertised ports of loading
    and discharge on a regular basis.
    LINER SERVICE- Vessels operating on fixed itineraries or regular schedules and established
    rates available to all shippers. The freight rates which are charged are based on the shipping
    company's tariff or if the company is a member of a liner conference, the tariff of that conference.
    LLOYD'S REGISTER OF SHIPPING -British classification society.
    LNG -Liquefied Natural Gas, or a carrier of LNG.
    LNG CARRIER - Liquefied natural gas carrier, perhaps the most sophisticated of all commercial
    ships. The cargo tanks are made of a special aluminum alloy and are heavily insulated to carry
    natural gas in its liquid state at a temperature of -2850F. The LNG ship costs about twice as much
    as an oil tanker of the same size.
    LOAD FACTOR- Percentage of cargo or passengers carried e.g. 4000 tons carried on a vessel of
    10000 capacity has a load factor of 40%
    LOAD LINE - The line on a vessel indicating the maximum depth to which that vessel can sink
    when loaded with cargo. Also known as marks.
    LOADED LEG - Subdivision of a ship's voyage during which the ship is carrying cargo.
    LOF- Lloyds open form
    LOI- Letter of indemnity
    LONG TON- 2,240 pounds.
    LOOKOUT -A member of the crew stationed on the forecastle, or on the bridge, whose duty it is
    to watch for any dangerous objects or for any other vessels heaving into sight.
    LPG -Liquefied Petroleum Gas, or a carrier of LPG.
    LSA -Liner Shipping Agreements.
    LT- Long Ton = 1016.05 kilogram
    L/T -Long tons (2,240 lbs.).
    LUMPSUM FREIGHT- Money paid to shipper for charter of a ship (or portion) up to stated limit
    irrespective of quantity of cargo
    MAIN DECK- The main continuous deck of a ship running from fore to aft; the principle deck; the
    deck from which the freeboard is determined.
    MANIFEST -A document containing a full list of the ship's cargo, extracted from the bills of lading.
    MANNING SCALES- The minimum number of officers and crew members that can be engaged
    on a ship to be considered as sufficient hands with practical ability to meet every possible
    eventuality at sea.
    - Highest officer aboard ship. Oversees all ship operations. Keeps ships records. Handles
    accounting and bookkeeping. Takes command of vessel in inclement weather and in crowded or
    narrow waters. Handles communications. Receives and implements instructions from home
    - In charge of four to eight watch. Directly responsible for all deck operations (cargo storage and
    handling, deck maintenance deck supplies). Assigns and checks deck department overtime.
    Ship's medical officer.
    -In charge of twelve to four watch. Ships navigation officer. Keeps charts (maps) up to date and
    monitors navigation equipment on bridge.
    -In charge of eight to twelve watch. Makes sure emergency survival equipment (lifeboats, life
    rings, etc.) are in order. Assists other officers as directed.
    - Head of engineer department. Keeps records of all engine parts and repairs. Generally tends to
    the functioning of all mechanical equipment on ship.Calculates fuel and water consumption and
    requirements.Coordinates operations with shoreside port engineer.
    - In charge of four to eight watch. Usually works from eight to four handling engine maintenance.
    Assigns duties to unlicensed personnel and monitors and records overtime. Consults with Chief
    regarding work priorities.
    - In charge of twelve to four watch. On steam vessels has responsibility for the boilers, on diesels,
    the evaporators and the auxiliary equipment.
    - In charge of eight to twelve watch. Maintains lighting fixtures. Repairs malfunctioning
    accessories in living quarters. Assist other engineers as directed.
    - Receives working orders for deck gang from chief mate and passes them onto AB's and
    ordinaries. Tantamount to foreman, he is on deck directly supervising maintenance operations.
    - In charge of union business for unlicensed personnel. Handles grievances.
    - Stand watch, during which they steer the vessel, stand lookout, assist the mate on watch and
    make rounds of the ship to insure that all is in order. They also tie up and untie the vessel to and
    from the dock and maintain the equipment on deck.
    - An apprentice AB, assists AB's bosun, and officers, keeps facilities clean.
    -Trained in all crafts necessary to engine maintenance (welding, refrigeration, lathe operation, die
    casting,electricity, pumping, water purification, oiling,evaluating engine gauges, etc.) Usually
    watchstanders but on some ships day workers.
    -Operates pumps and discharges petroleum products.Maintains and repairs all cargo handling
    - Maintains and repairs cargo handling equipment and also cargo with special handling
    - Apprentice QMED. Cleans engine room. Assists officers and QMED's.
    -Orders food. Prepares menus. Assists chief cook in food preparation.
    - Cooks and bakes.
    -Clean galley and mess halls, set tables, prepare salads,clean living quarters.
    - Maintains and monitors radio, sends and receives messages. Often maintains electronic
    navigation equipment.
    MARITIME ADMINISTRATION (MARAD )- Oversees subsidy programs to the United States
    Merchant Marine.Assigns routes to subsidized liners.
    MARITIME LIEN- A claim which attaches to the res, i.e., the ship,. freight, or cargo.
    MARITIME SUBSIDY BOARD (MSB)- A branch within the Maritime Administration which deals
    with Operating Differential Subsidy and Construction Differential Subsidy.
    MARPOL 73/78- The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973,
    as modified by the Protocol of 1978.
    MASTHEAD LIGHT- A white light positioned over the fore and aft centerline of the vessel.
    MIB -Marine Index Bureau.
    MFN -Most Favored Nation.
    MINILAND BRIDGE -The process of taking inland cargo bound for export to the coast by rail and
    loading it directly to the ship.
    MIRAID -Maritime Institute for Research and Industrial Development.
    MIXED SHIPMENT- A shipment consisting of more than one commodity, articles described under
    more than one class or commodity rate item in a tariff.
    MICROBRIDGE- A system of through rates and service offered by a carrier for cargo shipments
    from any inland U.S. location to a port, by sea to a foreign port and finally overland to foreign
    inland destination.
    MOA- Memorandum of agreement
    MODU -Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit.

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    الحمد لله

  3. [73]
    Eng-Maher غير متواجد حالياً
    مشرف قسم الهندسة البحرية.
    الصورة الرمزية Eng-Maher

    تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2006
    المشاركات: 4,879

    وسام الاشراف

    Thumbs Up
    Received: 103
    Given: 408
    MOORING LINE -A cable or line to tie up a ship.
    MORTGAGE- Loan issued against some security
    MSB -Maritime Subsidy Board.
    M/T -Metric tons (2,250 lbs.).
    MTC -Maritime Transport Committee, OECD
    MULTIPURPOSE SHIP- Any ship capable of carrying different types of cargo which require
    different methods of handling. There are several types of ships falling into this category, for
    example, ships which can carry roll on/roll off cargo together with containers
    NATIONAL CARGO BUREAU- A private organization having representatives throughout the main
    harbors in the U.S. It is empowered to inspect cargoes of a hazardous nature and issue
    certificates which are automatically approved by the Coast Guard.
    NATIONAL FLAG -The flag carried by a ship to show her nationality.
    NEOBULK -Shipments consisting entirely of units of a single commodity,such as cars, lumber, or
    scrap metal.
    NET CAPACITY- The number of tons of cargo which a vessel can carry when loaded in salt water
    to her summer freeboard marks. Also called cargo carrying capacity, cargo deadweight, useful
    NATIONAL CARGO BUREAU- A private organization having representatives throughout the main
    harbors in the U.S. It is empowered to inspect cargoes of a hazardous nature and issue
    certificates which are automatically approved by the Coast Guard.
    NATIONAL FLAG -The flag carried by a ship to show her nationality.
    NEOBULK- Shipments consisting entirely of units of a single commodity,such as cars, lumber, or
    scrap metal.
    NET CAPACITY- The number of tons of cargo which a vessel can carry when loaded in salt water
    to her summer freeboard marks. Also called cargo carrying capacity, cargo deadweight, useful
    NET TONNAGE- Equals gross tonnage minus deductions for space occupied by crew
    accommodations, machinery, navigation equipment and bunkers.It represents space available for
    cargo (and passengers). Canal tolls are based on net (registered) tonnage.
    NON-CONFERENCE LINE- A shipping line which operates on a route served by a liner
    conference but which is not a member of that conference.
    NONCONTIGUOUS- Domestic shipping routes serving Alaska and non-continental U.S. States
    and territories.
    NOR- Notice of readiness
    NORSKE VERITAS- Norwegian classification society.
    NRT -Net registered tons. This tonnage is frequently shown on ship registration papers; it
    represents the volumetric area available for cargo at 100 cubic feet = 1 ton. It often is used by
    port and canal authorities as a basis for charges.
    NVO -Non-vessel-operating common carrier, a ships agent, conducts business for the ship but
    does not operate the vessel.
    OBO- Ore/bulk/oil vessel
    OBO SHIP- A multipurpose ship that can carry ore, heavy dry bulk goods and oil. Although more
    expensive to build, they ultimately are more economical because they can make return journeys
    with cargo rather than empty as single-purpose ships often must.
    OCEAN WAYBILL- A document, issued by a shipping line to a shipper which serves as a receipt
    for the goods and evidence of the contract carriage.
    ODS -Operating Differential Subsidy: A direct subsidy paid to U.S.-flag operators to offset the
    high operating cost of U.S.-flag ships when compared to foreign-flag counterparts.
    OECD -Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The Maritime Transport
    Committee is part of this organization.
    OFF-HIRE CLAUSE -In a time charter, the owner is entitled to a limited time for his vessel to be
    off hire until such time as the vessel may be repaired or dry-docked.
    OFFICER -Any of the licensed members of the ship's complement.
    OFF-LOAD- Discharge of cargo from a ship.
    Offshore service vessels - Special vessels employed in exploration for, development of or
    continuous production of, subsea oil and gas.
    OILER -An unlicensed member of the engine room staff who oils and greases bearings and
    moving parts of the main engine and auxiliaries. Most of this work is now done automatically and
    the oiler merely insures it operates correctly.
    OIL RECORD BOOK- A book or log kept by the master of an oil tanker wherein every discharge
    or escape of oil is recorded.
    OIL TANKER- A ship designed for the carriage of oil in bulk, her cargo space consisting of
    several or many tanks. Tankers load their cargo by gravity from the shore or by shore pumps and
    discharge using their own pumps.
    OPEN RATES- Pricing systems that are flexible and not subject to conference approval. Usually
    applied to products in which tramps are substituted for liners.
    OPEN REGISTRY- A term used in place of "flag of convenience" or "flag of necessity" to denote
    registry in a country which offers favorable tax, regulatory, and other incentives to ship owners
    from other nations.
    ORE CARRIER- A large ship designed to be used for the carnage of ore.Because of the high
    density of ore, ore carriers have a relatively high center of gravity to prevent them being still when
    at sea, that is, rolling heavily with possible stress to the hull.
    ORE-BULK-OIL CARRIER- A large multi-purpose ship designed to carry cargoes wither of ore or
    other bulk commodities or oil so as to reduce the time the ship would be in ballast if restricted to
    one type of commodity. This type of ship is sometimes called bulk-oil carrier.
    ORE-OIL CARRIER- A ship designed to carry either ore or oil in bulk.
    ORDINARY SEAMAN - A deck crew member who is subordinate to the Able Bodied Seamen.
    OVERTONNAGING- A situation where there are too many ships generally or in a particular trade
    for the level of available cargoes.
    PALLET -A flat tray, generally made of wood but occasionally of steel, on which goods
    particularly those in boxes, cartons or bags, can be stacked. Its purpose is to facilitate the
    movement of such goods, mainly by the use of forklift trucks.
    PANAMAX- A vessel designed to be just small enough to transit the Panama Canal
    PASSENGER SHIP- A passenger ship that its authorized to carry over twelve passengers.
    PER CONTAINER RATE- Rates and/or changes on shipments transported in containers or
    trailers and rated on the basis of the category of the container or trailer.
    PERSONAL FLOATATION DEVICE- Approved floats meant as life preservers and carried on
    board American ships.
    P & I- Protection and indemnity insurance
    PILOT -A person who is qualified to assist the master of a ship to navigate when entering or
    leaving a port.
    PILOTAGE- The act carried out by a pilot of assisting the master of a ship in navigation when
    entering or leaving a port. Sometimes used to define the fee payable for the services of a pilot.
    PILOTAGE DUES -A fee payable by the owner or operator of a ship for the services of a pilot.
    This fee is normally based on the ship's tonnage.
    PILOT HOUSE- The enclosed space on the navigating bridge from which a ship is controlled
    when under way.
    P.L. 480- Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954.
    P.L. 664- Mandates that 50 percent of government impelled cargoes be carried under U.S. flag.
    Known as the 50/50 shipping law.
    PMA -Pacific Maritime Association.
    POOLING- The sharing of cargo or the profit or loss from freight by member lines of a liner
    conference. Pooling arrangements do not exist in all conferences.
    PORT CIP- Contracts with berth CIP. NOR can be given when within commercial limits of the port
    POST-PANAMAX- A vessel to wide to pass through the Panama Canal.
    PR-17 -Public Resolution which requires that U.S. Government financed cargoes (Eximbank)
    must be shipped 100% in U.S. flag ships, but that the requirement may be waived up to 50% in
    some cases.
    PREAMBLE- Introduction to a Charter Party
    PRODUCT CARRIER- A tanker which is generally below 70,000 deadweight tons and used to
    carry refined oil products from the refinery to the consumer. In many cases, four different grades
    of oil can be handled simultaneously.
    Production unit - Equipped to extract petroleum, e.g. oil production ship.
    PROFORMA ACC- Estimated account
    PROPANE CARRIER- A ship designed to carry propane in liquid form. The propane is carried in
    tanks within the holds; it remains in liquid form by means of pressure and refrigeration. Such
    ships are also suitable for the carriage of butane.
    PSV (Platform Supply Vessel) - Carries supplies to drilling units or installations during field development
    or production.
    PUMPMAN- A rating who tends to the pumps of an oil tanker.
    PURSER -A ship's officer who is in charge of accounts, especially on a passenger ship.
    engine department who attend to a fully automated engine room.
    OUARTERMASTER/HELMSMAN -An able-bodied seamen entrusted with the steering of a
    QUARTERS -Accommodations.
    RADIO OPERATOR- An officer who operates and controls the shipboard communication
    RECAP- Recapitulation of the terms and conditions agreed

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    الحمد لله

  4. [74]
    riad_z3 غير متواجد حالياً

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    جديدكم احسن بإذن الله

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  5. [75]
    أبو عثمان
    أبو عثمان غير متواجد حالياً

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    هذا زورق للصهاينة بدون قبطان

    إليكم أخر ما صنع الإحتلال الصهيوني زورق حربي بدون قبطان بدنا مين يصنع مثله

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  6. [76]
    الرفاعي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال

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    الله يجزيكم الخير

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  7. [77]
    مهندس بالفطره
    مهندس بالفطره غير متواجد حالياً

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    شي رائع

    شكرا اخوي ابو عثمان على المشاركه الجميله

    وانشاء الله تكون زورق يمشي بالبر

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  8. [78]
    Eng-Maher غير متواجد حالياً
    مشرف قسم الهندسة البحرية.
    الصورة الرمزية Eng-Maher

    تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2006
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    وسام الاشراف

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    مجموعه كتب ممتازه فى علم الهندسه البحريه وهندسه الشواطى .

    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
    مجموعه كتب ممتازه فى علم الهندسه البحريه وهندسه الشواطى
    الكاتب الاخ محب الله ورسوله

    وانا جمعتها هنا لتسهيل البحث وعدم تكرار المواضيع .

    ************************************************** ****************************

    Principles of Yacht Design, 2nd Edition
    17.1 MB


    Steam Plant Operations

    Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing


    Corrosion and Protection


    Piping and Pipeline Engineering


    Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics - 4th edition


    Design And Installation Of Marine Pipelines


    Ship Stability for Masters and Mates, Fifth Edition


    Introduction to Naval Architecture


    Practical Design of Ships and Other Floating Structures


    Linear Water Waves

    Sea Level Change - Studies in Geophysics


    The Interaction of Ocean Waves and Wind


    Oil Well Fires


    Oil Extraction and Analysis


    The Interaction of Ocean Waves and Wind2


    Guide to Ship Repair Estimates

    Ship Construction, Fifth Edition

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    الحمد لله

  9. [79]
    Eng-Maher غير متواجد حالياً
    مشرف قسم الهندسة البحرية.
    الصورة الرمزية Eng-Maher

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    وسام الاشراف

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    تابع مجموعه الكتب البحريه .

    كتب للاخ المهندس / كمال محمد .....( http://www.arab-eng.org/vb/showthread.php?t=33881 )

    Pipelines & Risers

    Advanced Blowout & Well Control
    http://rapidshare.de/files/20887425/..._Con trol.rar

    Shale Shakers & Drilling Fluid Systems

    Marine Auxilliary Machinery

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    الحمد لله

  10. [80]
    أهل الحديث
    أهل الحديث غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو شرف

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    وسام الشكر

     وسام كبار الشخصيات

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    بسم الله ماشــاء الله
    جهود أكثر من رائعه تستحق الثناء والتقدير
    سأساهم معكم ان شاء الله بما أصل اليه من كتب فى مجال الهندسه البحريه
    دمتم دومآ بخير وتقدم

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    { الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءَهُمُ }

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