اول سايت دة بيقولك بس مكان الحاجات فى غرفة العمليات زى جهاز التخدير ومكان الضوء الكلام دة موجود فى الجزئية التانية سيبك من الحزئية الاولى
تانى سايت بيقولك اهم المواصفات المطلوبة فى تربيزة العمليات
تالت سايت عنوانة هل ممكن تربيزة العمليات تكون اكثر امانا واكثر راحة بس انا مقرتهوش بصراحة http://www.hardscrabblefarm.com/ww2/...placepatientot
رابع سايت بيتكلم عن الاوضاع المختلفة للمريض على تربيزة العمليات
السايت الخامس دة خليك فى الصور اللى تحت لان الصور دى بتوريك الاوضاع المختلفة للمريض على التربيزة كانها شرح للكلام اللى فوق
السايت السادس والسابع فية شوية صور لتربيزة العمليات يعنى موديلات والخواص بتاعت كل تربيزة مكتوبة جمبها
A surgical lamp is a device intended to be used to provide visible illumination of the surgical
field or the patient.
The basic components of surgical lights have not changed; the design has. There is the suspension, which holds everything up. There is the lighthead (which can differ in size and profile). Inside the lighthead are the reflector, the bulb(s) and the light facing. Finally, there is a light handle (with a removable sterile cover). Mr. Massey identifies some key changes in the design of surgical lights in the last five years.
There has been an industry-wide migration toward larger-diameter lightheads. The benefit is two-fold. First, larger-diameter lightheads increase the light field in the surgical area and limit the effects of contrast shadows created by unavoidable light obstacles such as the heads and shoulders of the OR team. The wider the diameter, the more light rays the surgical field can grab and retain. Secondly, the increased reflective surface area created by the larger lightheads means that more illumination is possible from lower-watt bulbs. Lower-watt bulbs generate less heat, reduce tissue desiccation and create a more comfortable working environment.
Introduction of single-bulb lightheads. While some companies still offer multiple-bulb lights, the majority now offer a single bulb design. Proponents of single-bulb lighting tout the greater reflective surface area (because there is one big reflector as opposed to multiple smaller reflectors, with gaps in the surface area) and greater ease of focus. They also point to reduced bulb costs. The bulbs, whether used in a single- or multiple-bulb lighthead, are relatively homogenous and cost roughly $40 each to replace. Obviously, it is cheaper to replace one bulb than several. From an operational standpoint, it is standard for most bulbs have a life expectancy of 1,000 work hours (six months to a year, depending upon the level of usage) although it should be noted that some units are rated up to 1,500 hours of expected bulb life. Those who stand by multiple-bulb design argue that the lights still offer a continuous output of light and a comparable field of depth can be attained upon re-focusing the lights.
Introduction of flatter lightheads. The companies that use this technology point to improved aesthetics, easier cleanability, and lighter-weight design, which improves maneuverability. Detractors, including Mr. Massey, claim that you lose reflective surface area within the lighthead.
Lighter weight suspensions. This increases maneuverability by creating less inertia when the staff or surgeon adjusts the lights to fall on the surgical field.
Changes in the venting system in the lights. There has been a movement toward designing totally sealed lightheads, rather than having heat vents either in the back of the light or cut along the rim of the light. The problem with the older venting systems is that although they dispersed heat, they also let in dust and cleaning liquids and eventually created opaque areas on the light facing. With the use of lower- watt bulbs, there is less overall heat to start with, plus there are also internal heat dispersal mechanisms in the lights to do some of the work of external vents.
السايت التامن دة فية سوية مديلات للمض اللى بتستخدم فى اضاءة العمليات وجمب كل واحدة
معلش هنا مقدرتش اجيبلك حاجة مفيدة بس السايت دة عبارة عن قاموس للاجهزة الطبية ودة الكلام اللى انا لقيتة على جهاز التخدير
Sometimes referred to as the anaesthetic trolley, this normally refers to a trolley on which are mounted gas cylinder
s and/or pipelines for various gases used in anaesthesia, together with the various valves, controls and ancillary equipment used by the anaesthetist.
These are found in all operating theatres and also in special procedure rooms in the X-ray department, accident and emergency unit, dental clinics and some community clinics. On the trolleys, the gases can be dispensed and mixed. These usually include oxygen, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide, and sometimes medical air, cyclopropane and anaesthetic vapours such as halothane, ether, etc. The vapours are usually provided in special vaporizer
s which may be interchangeable according to the particular anaesthetic procedure required.
Simpler machines may also be referred to as anaesthetic machines which only dispense a mixture of nitrous oxide and oxygen. These may be controllable devices such as the Walton 5 or operate from premixed bottled gases (Entonox unit). These latter may be used either on the ward or as a portable unit in ambulances or by district midwives. An anaesthetic machine may also be used in conjunction with, or be incorporated into, a ventilator
The maintenance of such equipment requires especially formal arrangements and quality control measures, since incorrect operation may cause permanent injury to the patient.
The main components of an anaesthetic machine are high- pressure gas reservoirs and/or pipelines, pressure reducing valves, flowmeter
s (usually of the rotameter
type), pressure gauges, carbon dioxide absorber
s, a fresh gas outlet, oxygen flush assembly, and vaporizer
s. The trolley may also carry monitoring equipment such as ECG and pressure monitors, oxygen meters, oscillotonometer
, temperature gauges and pulse monitor
s, and a Wright's respirometer
. Some modern ventilator
s are also carried on the trolley and become an integral part of the anaesthetic circuit
when in use. Other important parts of the system are the suction apparatus and gas scavenging devices.