The general idea is to compute the impedance at a terminal node of the Y circuit with impedances , to adjacent nodes in the Δ circuit by
where are all impedances in the Δ circuit. This yields the specific formulae
 Y-load to Δ-load
The general idea is to compute an impedance in the Δ circuit by
where is the sum of the products of all pairs of impedances in the Y circuit and is the impedance of the node in the Y circuit which is opposite the edge with . The formulae for the individual edges are thus
Star and Delta Transforms
We can now solve simple series, parallel or bridge type resistive networks using Kirchoff´s Circuit Laws, Mesh-current Analysis or Nodal-voltage Analysis techniques but in a balanced 3-phase circuit we can use different mathematical techniques to simplify the analysis of the circuit and thereby reduce the amount of math's involved which in itself is a good thing. Standard 3-phase circuits or networks take on two major forms with names that represent the way in which the resistances are connected, a Star connected Network which has the symbol of the letter, Υ (wye) and a Delta connected Network which has the symbol of a triangle, Δ (delta). If a 3-phase, 3-wire supply or even a 3-phase load is connected in one type of configuration, it can be easily transformed or changed it into an equivalent configuration of the other type by using either the Star to Delta Transformation or Delta to Star Transformation process.
A resistive network consisting of three impedances can be connected together to form a T or "Tee" configuration but the network can also be redrawn to form a Star or Υ type network as shown below.
T-connected and Star-connected Resistor Network.
As we have already seen, we can redraw the T resistor network to produce an equivalent Star or Υ type network. But we can also convert a Pi or π type resistor network into an equivalent Delta or Δ type network as shown below.
Pi-connected and Delta-connected Resistor Network.
Having now defined exactly what is a Star and Delta connected network it is possible to transform the Υ into an equivalent Δ network and also to convert a Δ into an equivalent Υ network using a Transformation process. This process allows us to produce a mathematical relationship between the various resistors and their equivalents measured between the terminals 1-2, 1-3 or 2-3 for either a Star or Delta connected circuit. However, the resulting networks are only equivalent for voltages and currents external to the Star or Delta networks, as internally the voltages and currents are different but each network will consume the same amount of power and have the same power factor to each other.
To convert a Delta network to an equivalent Star network we need to derive a transformation formula for equating the various resistors to each other between the various terminals. Consider the circuit below.
Delta to Star Network.
Compare the resistances between terminals 1 and 2.
Resistance between the terminals 2 and 3.
Resistance between the terminals 1 and 3.
This now gives us three equations and taking equation 3 from equation 2 gives:
Then, re-writing Equation 1 will give us:
Adding together equation 1 and the result above of equation 3 minus equation 2 gives:
From which gives us the final equation for resistor P as:
Then to summarize a little the above maths, we can now say that resistor P in a Star network can be found as Equation 1 plus (Equation 3 minus Equation 2) or Eq1 + (Eq3 - Eq2).
Similarly, to find resistor Q in a Star network, is equation 2 plus the result of equation 1 minus equation 3 or Eq2 + (Eq1 - Eq3) and this gives us the transformation of Q as:
And again, to find resistor R in a Star network, is equation 3 plus the result of equation 2 minus equation 1 or Eq3 + (Eq2 - Eq1) and this gives us the transformation of R as:
When converting a Delta network into a Star network the denominators of all of the transformation formulas are the same: A + B + C, and which is the sum of ALL the Delta resistances. Then to convert any Delta connected network to an equivalent Star network we can summarized the above transformation equations as:
Delta to Star Transformations Equations
Convert the following Delta Resistive Network into an equivalent Star Network.
We have seen above that when converting from a Delta network to an equivalent Star network that the resistor connected to one terminal is the product of the two Delta resistances connected to the same terminal, for example resistor P is the product of resistors A and B connected to terminal 1. By re-writing the previous formulas a little we can also find the transformation formulas for converting a resistive Star network to an equivalent Delta network as shown below.
Star to Delta Network.
The value of the resistor on any one side of the Delta, Δ network is the sum of all the two-product combinations of resistors in the Star network divide by the Star resistor located "directly opposite" the Delta resistor being found. For example, resistor A is given as:
with respect to terminal 3 and resistor B is given as:
with respect to terminal 2 with resistor C given as:
with respect to terminal 1.
By dividing out each equation by the value of the denominator we end up with three separate transformation formulas that can be used to convert any Delta resistive network into an equivalent Star network as given below.
Star to Delta Transformations Equations
One final point about converting a Star resistive network to an equivalent Delta network. If all the resistors in the Star network are equal in value then the resultant resistors in the equivalent Delta network will be three times the value of the Star resistors and equal, giving: RDELTA = 3RSTAR بعد هذا التحليل للربط بطريقتي الستار -دلتا الان من سيكون تياره اكبر فلو قسمنا 380/20اوم النتيجة 19امبير هذا في الستار طيب المعاوقة وحسب التحليل في الدلتا =3المعاوقة في الستار ..يعني على حسبتكم هيكون التيار في الدلتا 380/60=3و6 امبير ...مين اكتر على الرسم ؟؟؟؟بس مش هكذا تورد الابل ياسعد !!! اخواني تيار الفيز في الستار =تيار اللاين×3تحت الجذر وفي الدلتاتيار الفيز=تيار اللاين وفقنا الله واياكم الى ما يحب وما يرضى ...سلامي الى كل من شارك ف هذا الموضوع واذكر منهم القبطان علي واستاذنا الكبير المهندس علام...