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  1. [11]
    خيري الشريف
    خيري الشريف غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية خيري الشريف


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
    المشاركات: 209
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 2
    Given: 0
    CHAPTER 3 DEFINITIONS
    SECTION 3-1 GENERAL
    3-1.1 The following terms, for the purposes of this Code, shall
    have the meanings given in this chapter, if not otherwise modified
    for a specific occupancy.
    3-1.2 Words used in the present tense include the future; words
    used in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the
    singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular.
    3-1.3 Where terms are not defined in this chapter, they shall have
    their ordinarily accepted meanings or such as the context implies.
    SECTION 3-2 DEFINITIONS
    Accessible Area of Refuge. An area of refuge that complies
    with the accessible route requirements of CABO/ANSI A117.1,
    American National Standard for Accessible and Usable Buildings
    and Facilities.
    Accessible Means of Egress. A path of travel, usable by a
    person with a severe mobility impairment, that leads to a public
    way or an area of refuge.
    Addition. An extension or increase in floor area or height of a
    building or structure.
    Aisle Accessway. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Ambulatory Health Care Center. (See Section 12-1 or 13-1.)
    Anchor Store. (See Section 24-1 or 25-1.)
    Apartment Building. (See Section 18-1 or 19-1.)
    Approved.* Acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction.
    Area. (See Floor Area.)
    Area of Refuge. (See 5-1.2.)
    Assembly Occupancy. (See Section 4-1 and Section 8-1 or 9-
    1.)
    Atrium. A floor opening or series of floor openings connecting
    two or more stories that is covered at the top of the series of
    openings and is used for purposes other than an enclosed stairway;
    elevator hoistway; escalator opening; or utility shaft used for
    plumbing, electrical, air conditioning, or communication facilities.
    Authority Having Jurisdiction.* The organization, office, or
    individual responsible for approving equipment, an installation, or
    a procedure.
    Automatic. Providing a function without the necessity of human
    intervention.
    Birth Center.* A facility where low risk births are planned to
    occur following normal, uncomplicated pregnancy, providing professional
    midwifery care to women during pregnancy, birth, and
    postpartum.
    Bleachers. A grandstand where the seats are not provided
    with backrests.
    Board and Care. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Building. Any structure used or intended for supporting or
    sheltering any use or occupancy. The term building shall be construed
    as if followed by the words “or portions thereof.” (See also
    Structure.)
    Building, Existing.* Any structure erected or officially authorized
    prior to the effective date of the adoption of this edition of the
    Code by the agency or jurisdiction.
    Business Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    Combustible. Capable of undergoing combustion.
    Combustion. A chemical process that involves oxidation sufficient
    to produce light or heat.
    Common Atmosphere (Educational Occupancies). (See
    Section 10-1 or 11-1.)
    Common Path of Travel. That portion of exit access that
    must be traversed before two separate and distinct paths of travel to
    two exits are available. Paths that merge are common paths of
    travel. Common path of travel is measured in the same manner as
    travel distance but terminates at that point where two separate and
    distinct routes become available.
    Complete Smoke Detection System. (See 7-6.2.7.)
    Correctional Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    Court. An open, uncovered, unoccupied space, unobstructed
    to the sky, bounded on three or more sides by exterior building
    walls.
    Court, Enclosed. A court bounded on all sides by the exterior
    walls of a building or exterior walls and lot lines on which walls are
    allowable.
    Covered Mall. (See Section 24-1 or 25-1.)
    Critical Radiant Flux. The level of incident radiant heat energy
    on a floor covering system at the most distant flameout point
    as determined by the test procedure of NFPA 253, Standard
    Method of Test for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor Covering
    Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source. The unit of measurement
    of critical radiant flux is watts per square centimeter
    (W/sq cm).
    Day-Care Home. (See Section 30-1 or 31-1.)
    Day-Care Occupancy. (See Section 4-1 and Section 30-1 or
    31-1.)
    Detention Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    Direct Exit. (See Section 14-1 or 15-1.)
    Dormitory. (See Section 16-1 or 17-1.)
    Draft Stop. A continuous membrane used to subdivide a concealed
    space to restrict the passage of smoke, heat, and flames.
    Dwelling Unit. A single unit, providing complete, independent
    living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent
    provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation.
    Educational Occupancy. (See Section 4-1 and Section 10-1
    or 11-1.)
    Evacuation Capability. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Exhibit. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Exhibitor. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Existing.* That which is already in existence on the date when
    this edition of the Code goes into effect.
    Exit. That portion of a means of egress that is separated from
    all other spaces of the building or structure by construction or

    0 Not allowed!


    لا اله إلا الله ............................ محمد رسول الله
    م. خيري عبد الحليم الشريف
    بنغازي - ليبيا

  2. [12]
    خيري الشريف
    خيري الشريف غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية خيري الشريف


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
    المشاركات: 209
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 2
    Given: 0
    equipment as required in 5-1.3.2.1 to provide a protected way of
    travel to the exit discharge. Exits include exterior exit doors, exit
    passageways, horizontal exits, separated exit stairs, and separated
    exit ramps.
    Exit Access. That portion of a means of egress that leads to an
    exit.
    Exit Discharge. That portion of a means of egress between
    the termination of an exit and a public way.
    Exposition. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Exposition Facility. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Festival Seating. That form of audience/spectator accommodation
    in which no seating, other than a floor or ground surface, is
    provided for the audience/spectators gathered to observe some performance.
    Fire Barrier. A continuous membrane, either vertical or horizontal,
    such as a wall or floor assembly that is designed and constructed
    with a specified fire resistance rating to limit the spread of
    fire and that also will restrict the movement of smoke. Such barriers
    might have protected openings. (See 6-2.3.)
    Fire Barrier Wall. A wall, other than a fire wall, having a fire
    resistance rating.
    Fire Compartment.* A space, within a building, that is enclosed
    by fire barriers on all sides, including the top and bottom.
    (See 6-2.2.)
    Fire Protection Rating. The designation indicating the duration
    of the fire test exposure to which a fire door assembly or fire
    window assembly was exposed and successfully met all the acceptance
    criteria as determined in accordance with NFPA 252, Standard
    Methods of Fire Tests of Door Assemblies, or NFPA 257,
    Standard on Fire Test for Window and Glass Block Assemblies, respectively.
    Fire Resistance Rating. The time, in minutes or hours, that
    materials or assemblies have withstood a fire exposure as established
    in accordance with the test procedures of NFPA 251, Standard
    Methods of Tests of Fire Endurance of Building Construction
    and Materials.
    Flame Spread. The propagation of flame over a surface. (See
    Section 6-5.)
    Flexible Plan Educational Building. (See Section 10-1 or
    11-1.)
    Floor Area, Gross. The floor area within the inside perimeter
    of the outside walls of the building under consideration with no deduction
    for hallways, stairs, closets, thickness of interior walls, columns,
    or other features. Where the term “area” is used elsewhere in
    this Code, it shall be understood to be gross area unless otherwise
    specified.
    Floor Area, Net. Net floor area shall be the actual occupied
    area, not including accessory unoccupied areas or thickness of
    walls.
    Flow Time. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Fly Gallery. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    General Industrial Occupancy. (See Section 28-1.)
    Gridiron. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Gross Leasable Area. (See Section 24-1 or 25-1.)
    Guard. A vertical protective barrier erected along exposed
    edges of stairways, balconies, and similar areas.
    Guest Room. (See Section 16-1 or 17-1.)
    Guest Suite. (See Section 16-1 or 17-1.)
    Handrail. A bar, pipe, or similar member designed to furnish
    persons with a handhold.
    Hazardous Area. Those areas of structures or buildings posing
    a degree of hazard greater than that normal to the general occupancy
    of a building or structure, such as those areas used for the
    storage or use of combustibles or flammables; toxic, noxious, or
    corrosive materials; or heat-producing appliances. (See Section 22-
    1 or 23-1.)
    Health Care Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    High Hazard Industrial Occupancy. (See Section 28-1.)
    High-Rise Building.* A building more than 75 ft (23 m) in
    height. Building height shall be measured from the lowest level of
    fire department vehicle access to the floor of the highest occupiable
    story.
    Horizontal Exit. (See Section 5-1.)
    Hospital. (See Section 12-1 or 13-1.)
    Hotel. (See Section 16-1 or 17-1.)
    Industrial Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    Interior Finish. (See Section 6-5.)
    Interior Floor Finish. (See Section 6-5.)
    Labeled. Equipment or materials to which has been attached a
    label, symbol, or other identifying mark of an organization that is
    acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction and concerned with
    product evaluation, that maintains periodic inspection of production
    of labeled equipment or materials, and by whose labeling the
    manufacturer indicates compliance with appropriate standards or
    performance in a specified manner.
    Life Safety Evaluation. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Limited Care Facility. (See Section 12-1 or 13-1.)
    Limited-Combustible.* As applied to a building construction
    material, other than interior finish, means a material not complying
    with the definition of noncombustible material that, in the form in
    which it is used, has a potential heat value not exceeding 3500
    Btu/lb (8.14 × 106 J/kg) and complies with one of the following
    paragraphs, (a) or (b).
    (a) Materials having a structural base of noncombustible material
    with a surfacing not exceeding a thickness of 1/8 in. (0.3 cm) that
    has a flame spread rating not greater than 50.
    (b) Materials, in the form and thickness used, other than as described
    in (a), having neither a flame spread rating greater than 25
    nor evidence of continued progressive combustion, and of such
    composition that surfaces that would be exposed by cutting through
    the material on any plane would have neither a flame spread rating
    greater than 25 nor evidence of continued progressive combustion.
    Materials subject to increase in combustibility or flame spread
    rating beyond the limits herein established through the effects of
    age, moisture, or other atmospheric condition shall be considered
    combustible.
    101–22 LIFE SAFETY CODE
    1997 Edition
    Listed.* Equipment, materials, or services included in a list
    published by an organization that is acceptable to the authority having
    jurisdiction and concerned with evaluation of products or services,
    that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed
    equipment or materials or periodic evaluation of services, and
    whose listing states that either the equipment, material, or service
    meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for
    a specified purpose.
    Living Area. Any normally occupiable space in a residential
    occupancy, other than sleeping rooms or rooms that are intended
    for combination sleeping/living, bathrooms, toilet compartments,
    kitchens, closets, halls, storage or utility spaces, and similar areas.
    Load, Live. The weight superimposed by the use and occupancy
    of the building, not including the wind load, earthquake
    load, or dead load.
    Lodging Home. (See Section 20-1.)
    Means of Egress. (See Section 5-1.)
    Means of Escape. A way out of a building or structure that
    does not conform to the strict definition of means of egress but
    does provide an alternate way out.
    Mercantile Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    Mezzanine. An intermediate level between the floor and the
    ceiling of any room or space.
    Multipurpose Assembly Occupancy. (See Section 8-1.)
    Noncombustible. A material that, in the form in which it is
    used and under the conditions anticipated, will not aid combustion
    or add appreciable heat to an ambient fire. Materials, where
    tested in accordance with ASTM E136, Standard Test Method for
    Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°C, and
    conforming to the criteria contained in Section 7 of the referenced
    standard shall be considered as noncombustible.
    Nursing Home. (See Section 12-1 or 13-1.)
    Occupancy. The purpose for which a building or portion
    thereof is used or intended to be used.
    Occupant Load. The total number of persons that might occupy
    a building or portion thereof at any one time.
    Occupiable Story. A story occupied by people on a regular
    basis. Stories used exclusively for mechanical equipment rooms,
    elevator penthouses, and similar spaces are not occupiable stories.
    One- and Two-Family Dwelling. (See Section 21-1.)
    Open-Air Mercantile Operation. (See Section 24-1 or 25-1.)
    Open Plan Educational Building. (See Section 10-1 or 11-
    1.)
    Open Structure. (See Section 32-2.)
    Outpatient (Ambulatory) Clinic. (See Section 12-1 or 13-1.)
    Outside Stair. Outside stairs include stairs where at least one
    side is open to the outer air. (See 5-2.2.)
    Partial Smoke Detection System. (See 7-6.2.9.)
    Personal Care. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Pinrail. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Place of Assembly. (See Assembly Occupancy in Section 4-1.)
    Plastic, Cellular or Foamed. A heterogeneous system comprised
    of at least two phases, one of which is a continuous polymeric
    organic material, and the second of which is deliberately
    introduced for the purpose of distributing gas in voids throughout
    the material, and foamed and unfoamed polymeric or monomeric
    precursors (prepolymer, if used), plasticizers, fillers, extenders, catalysts,
    blowing agents, colorants, stabilizers, lubricants, surfactants,
    pigments, reaction control agents, processing aids, and flame
    retardants.
    Platform. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Platform, Temporary. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Plenum. An air compartment or chamber to which one or
    more ducts are connected and that forms part of an air distribution
    system.
    Point of Safety. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Proscenium Wall. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Public Way. Any street, alley, or other similar parcel of land
    essentially open to the outside air deeded, dedicated, or otherwise
    permanently appropriated to the public for public use and having a
    clear width and height of not less than 10 ft (3 m).
    Ramp. A walking surface that has a slope steeper than 1 in 20.
    (See 5-2.5.)
    Resident. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Residential Board and Care. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Residential Housing Area. (See Section 14-1 or 15-1.)
    Residential Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    Rooming House. (See Section 20-1.)
    Sally Port (Security Vestibule). (See Section 14-1 or 15-1.)
    Self-Closing. Equipped with an approved device that will ensure
    closing after having been opened.
    Separate Atmosphere (Educational Occupancy). (See Section
    10-1 or 11-1.)
    Separated Exit Ramp. (See Section 5-1 , Exit.)
    Separated Exit Stair. (See Section 5-1 , Exit.)
    Shall. Indicates a mandatory requirement.
    Should. Indicates a recommendation or that which is advised
    but not required.
    Smoke Barrier. A continuous membrane, either vertical or
    horizontal, such as a wall, floor, or ceiling assembly, that
    is designed and constructed to restrict the movement of smoke. A
    smoke barrier might or might not have a fire resistance rating.
    Such barriers might have protected openings. (See Section 6-3.)
    Smoke Compartment.* A smoke compartment is a space
    within a building enclosed by smoke barriers on all sides, including
    the top and bottom. (See Section 6-3.)
    Smoke Detector. A device that senses visible or invisible particles
    of combustion.
    Smoke Protected Assembly Seating. (See 8-4.2 or 9-4.2.)
    Special Amusement Building. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Special Purpose Industrial Occupancy. (See Section 28-1.)
    Special Structure. (See 4-

    0 Not allowed!


    لا اله إلا الله ............................ محمد رسول الله
    م. خيري عبد الحليم الشريف
    بنغازي - ليبيا

  3. [13]
    خيري الشريف
    خيري الشريف غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية خيري الشريف


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
    المشاركات: 209
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 2
    Given: 0
    equipment as required in 5-1.3.2.1 to provide a protected way of
    travel to the exit discharge. Exits include exterior exit doors, exit
    passageways, horizontal exits, separated exit stairs, and separated
    exit ramps.
    Exit Access. That portion of a means of egress that leads to an
    exit.
    Exit Discharge. That portion of a means of egress between
    the termination of an exit and a public way.
    Exposition. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Exposition Facility. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Festival Seating. That form of audience/spectator accommodation
    in which no seating, other than a floor or ground surface, is
    provided for the audience/spectators gathered to observe some performance.
    Fire Barrier. A continuous membrane, either vertical or horizontal,
    such as a wall or floor assembly that is designed and constructed
    with a specified fire resistance rating to limit the spread of
    fire and that also will restrict the movement of smoke. Such barriers
    might have protected openings. (See 6-2.3.)
    Fire Barrier Wall. A wall, other than a fire wall, having a fire
    resistance rating.
    Fire Compartment.* A space, within a building, that is enclosed
    by fire barriers on all sides, including the top and bottom.
    (See 6-2.2.)
    Fire Protection Rating. The designation indicating the duration
    of the fire test exposure to which a fire door assembly or fire
    window assembly was exposed and successfully met all the acceptance
    criteria as determined in accordance with NFPA 252, Standard
    Methods of Fire Tests of Door Assemblies, or NFPA 257,
    Standard on Fire Test for Window and Glass Block Assemblies, respectively.
    Fire Resistance Rating. The time, in minutes or hours, that
    materials or assemblies have withstood a fire exposure as established
    in accordance with the test procedures of NFPA 251, Standard
    Methods of Tests of Fire Endurance of Building Construction
    and Materials.
    Flame Spread. The propagation of flame over a surface. (See
    Section 6-5.)
    Flexible Plan Educational Building. (See Section 10-1 or
    11-1.)
    Floor Area, Gross. The floor area within the inside perimeter
    of the outside walls of the building under consideration with no deduction
    for hallways, stairs, closets, thickness of interior walls, columns,
    or other features. Where the term “area” is used elsewhere in
    this Code, it shall be understood to be gross area unless otherwise
    specified.
    Floor Area, Net. Net floor area shall be the actual occupied
    area, not including accessory unoccupied areas or thickness of
    walls.
    Flow Time. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Fly Gallery. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    General Industrial Occupancy. (See Section 28-1.)
    Gridiron. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Gross Leasable Area. (See Section 24-1 or 25-1.)
    Guard. A vertical protective barrier erected along exposed
    edges of stairways, balconies, and similar areas.
    Guest Room. (See Section 16-1 or 17-1.)
    Guest Suite. (See Section 16-1 or 17-1.)

    0 Not allowed!


    لا اله إلا الله ............................ محمد رسول الله
    م. خيري عبد الحليم الشريف
    بنغازي - ليبيا

  4. [14]
    خيري الشريف
    خيري الشريف غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية خيري الشريف


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
    المشاركات: 209
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 2
    Given: 0
    Handrail. A bar, pipe, or similar member designed to furnish
    persons with a handhold.
    Hazardous Area. Those areas of structures or buildings posing
    a degree of hazard greater than that normal to the general occupancy
    of a building or structure, such as those areas used for the
    storage or use of combustibles or flammables; toxic, noxious, or
    corrosive materials; or heat-producing appliances. (See Section 22-
    1 or 23-1.)
    Health Care Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    High Hazard Industrial Occupancy. (See Section 28-1.)
    High-Rise Building.* A building more than 75 ft (23 m) in
    height. Building height shall be measured from the lowest level of
    fire department vehicle access to the floor of the highest occupiable
    story.
    Horizontal Exit. (See Section 5-1.)
    Hospital. (See Section 12-1 or 13-1.)
    Hotel. (See Section 16-1 or 17-1.)
    Industrial Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    Interior Finish. (See Section 6-5.)
    Interior Floor Finish. (See Section 6-5.)
    Labeled. Equipment or materials to which has been attached a
    label, symbol, or other identifying mark of an organization that is
    acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction and concerned with
    product evaluation, that maintains periodic inspection of production
    of labeled equipment or materials, and by whose labeling the
    manufacturer indicates compliance with appropriate standards or
    performance in a specified manner.
    Life Safety Evaluation. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Limited Care Facility. (See Section 12-1 or 13-1.)
    Limited-Combustible.* As applied to a building construction
    material, other than interior finish, means a material not complying
    with the definition of noncombustible material that, in the form in
    which it is used, has a potential heat value not exceeding 3500
    Btu/lb (8.14 × 106 J/kg) and complies with one of the following
    paragraphs, (a) or (b).
    (a) Materials having a structural base of noncombustible material
    with a surfacing not exceeding a thickness of 1/8 in. (0.3 cm) that
    has a flame spread rating not greater than 50.
    (b) Materials, in the form and thickness used, other than as described
    in (a), having neither a flame spread rating greater than 25
    nor evidence of continued progressive combustion, and of such
    composition that surfaces that would be exposed by cutting through
    the material on any plane would have neither a flame spread rating
    greater than 25 nor evidence of continued progressive combustion.
    Materials subject to increase in combustibility or flame spread
    rating beyond the limits herein established through the effects of
    age, moisture, or other atmospheric condition shall be considered
    combustible.
    101–22 LIFE SAFETY CODE
    1997 Edition
    Listed.* Equipment, materials, or services included in a list
    published by an organization that is acceptable to the authority having
    jurisdiction and concerned with evaluation of products or services,
    that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed
    equipment or materials or periodic evaluation of services, and
    whose listing states that either the equipment, material, or service
    meets identified standards or has been tested and found suitable for
    a specified purpose.
    Living Area. Any normally occupiable space in a residential
    occupancy, other than sleeping rooms or rooms that are intended
    for combination sleeping/living, bathrooms, toilet compartments,
    kitchens, closets, halls, storage or utility spaces, and similar areas.
    Load, Live. The weight superimposed by the use and occupancy
    of the building, not including the wind load, earthquake
    load, or dead load.
    Lodging Home. (See Section 20-1.)
    Means of Egress. (See Section 5-1.)
    Means of Escape. A way out of a building or structure that
    does not conform to the strict definition of means of egress but
    does provide an alternate way out.
    Mercantile Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    Mezzanine. An intermediate level between the floor and the
    ceiling of any room or space.
    Multipurpose Assembly Occupancy. (See Section 8-1.)
    Noncombustible. A material that, in the form in which it is
    used and under the conditions anticipated, will not aid combustion
    or add appreciable heat to an ambient fire. Materials, where
    tested in accordance with ASTM E136, Standard Test Method for
    Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°C, and
    conforming to the criteria contained in Section 7 of the referenced
    standard shall be considered as noncombustible.
    Nursing Home. (See Section 12-1 or 13-1.)
    Occupancy. The purpose for which a building or portion
    thereof is used or intended to be used.
    Occupant Load. The total number of persons that might occupy
    a building or portion thereof at any one time.
    Occupiable Story. A story occupied by people on a regular
    basis. Stories used exclusively for mechanical equipment rooms,
    elevator penthouses, and similar spaces are not occupiable stories.
    One- and Two-Family Dwelling. (See Section 21-1.)
    Open-Air Mercantile Operation. (See Section 24-1 or 25-1.)
    Open Plan Educational Building. (See Section 10-1 or 11-
    1.)
    Open Structure. (See Section 32-2.)
    Outpatient (Ambulatory) Clinic. (See Section 12-1 or 13-1.)
    Outside Stair. Outside stairs include stairs where at least one
    side is open to the outer air. (See 5-2.2.)
    Partial Smoke Detection System. (See 7-6.2.9.)
    Personal Care. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Pinrail. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Place of Assembly. (See Assembly Occupancy in Section 4-1.)
    Plastic, Cellular or Foamed. A heterogeneous system comprised
    of at least two phases, one of which is a continuous polymeric
    organic material, and the second of which is deliberately
    introduced for the purpose of distributing gas in voids throughout
    the material, and foamed and unfoamed polymeric or monomeric
    precursors (prepolymer, if used), plasticizers, fillers, extenders, catalysts,
    blowing agents, colorants, stabilizers, lubricants, surfactants,
    pigments, reaction control agents, processing aids, and flame
    retardants.
    Platform. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Platform, Temporary. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Plenum. An air compartment or chamber to which one or
    more ducts are connected and that forms part of an air distribution
    system.
    Point of Safety. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Proscenium Wall. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Public Way. Any street, alley, or other similar parcel of land
    essentially open to the outside air deeded, dedicated, or otherwise
    permanently appropriated to the public for public use and having a
    clear width and height of not less than 10 ft (3 m).
    Ramp. A walking surface that has a slope steeper than 1 in 20.
    (See 5-2.5.)
    Resident. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Residential Board and Care. (See Section 22-1 or 23-1.)
    Residential Housing Area. (See Section 14-1 or 15-1.)
    Residential Occupancy. (See Section 4-1.)
    Rooming House. (See Section 20-1.)
    Sally Port (Security Vestibule). (See Section 14-1 or 15-1.)
    Self-Closing. Equipped with an approved device that will ensure
    closing after having been opened.
    Separate Atmosphere (Educational Occupancy). (See Section
    10-1 or 11-1.)
    Separated Exit Ramp. (See Section 5-1 , Exit.)
    Separated Exit Stair. (See Section 5-1 , Exit.)
    Shall. Indicates a mandatory requirement.
    Should. Indicates a recommendation or that which is advised
    but not required.
    Smoke Barrier. A continuous membrane, either vertical or
    horizontal, such as a wall, floor, or ceiling assembly, that
    is designed and constructed to restrict the movement of smoke. A
    smoke barrier might or might not have a fire resistance rating.
    Such barriers might have protected openings. (See Section 6-3.)
    Smoke Compartment.* A smoke compartment is a space
    within a building enclosed by smoke barriers on all sides, including
    the top and bottom. (See Section 6-3.)
    Smoke Detector. A device that senses visible or invisible particles
    of combustion.
    Smoke Protected Assembly Seating. (See 8-4.2 or 9-4.2.)
    Special Amusement Building. (See Section 8-1 or 9-1.)
    Special Purpose Industrial Occupancy. (See Section 28-1.)
    Special Structure. (See 4-

    0 Not allowed!


    لا اله إلا الله ............................ محمد رسول الله
    م. خيري عبد الحليم الشريف
    بنغازي - ليبيا

  5. [15]
    bahaaalidn
    bahaaalidn غير متواجد حالياً
    جديد


    تاريخ التسجيل: Dec 2009
    المشاركات: 2
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    الي الاخوه من يمتلك برنامج حسابات مضخات الحريق يرسله لي وشكرا للتعاون

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  6. [16]
    شاكر النقيب
    شاكر النقيب غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال
    الصورة الرمزية شاكر النقيب


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2009
    المشاركات: 69
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    موقع edocfind قد يفيدك في الموضوع

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  7. [17]
    ثابت حسن
    ثابت حسن غير متواجد حالياً
    جديد


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2010
    المشاركات: 2
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    انا مهندس ميكانيكا قوى 2009 من جامعه الاسكندريه تراكمى جيدجدا وللأسف شغال مهندس فى حاجه تانيه خالص

    0 Not allowed!



  8. [18]
    SADOONAT
    SADOONAT غير متواجد حالياً
    جديد


    تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2010
    المشاركات: 4
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    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة azzam adel مشاهدة المشاركة
    السلام عليكم و رحمة اللة و بركاتة
    يوجد برنامج لعمل الحسابات للطلمبات الهيدروليكية يسمي
    knight hawk supply fluid power calculator
    اتمني من اللة ان يكون هذا البرنامج نافع لكل من يهتم بدراسة المضخات الهيدروليكية

    0 Not allowed!



  9. [19]
    ميكاكمبيوتر
    ميكاكمبيوتر غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو
    الصورة الرمزية ميكاكمبيوتر


    تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2010
    المشاركات: 37
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    اخي الفاضل اذا كنت تريد برنامج سوفت وير يعمل على الحاسبة انا مستعد اعملك البرنامج ولكن احتاج من الى القوانين

    0 Not allowed!



  10. [20]
    b.y1986
    b.y1986 غير متواجد حالياً
    جديد


    تاريخ التسجيل: Nov 2010
    المشاركات: 1
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    عسى يكون هوة

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