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برنامج الحسابات الهيدروليكية للمضخات

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  1. [1]
    sameh abd elhalim
    sameh abd elhalim غير متواجد حالياً

    عضو

    تاريخ التسجيل: Feb 2009
    المشاركات: 12
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    برنامج الحسابات الهيدروليكية للمضخات

    الى جميع الأخوة من لدية برنامج الحسابات الهيدروليكية للمضخات ياريت يرسلة لي

  2. [2]
    فارس2000
    فارس2000 غير متواجد حالياً
    جديد


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2009
    المشاركات: 4
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    Exclamation

    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة sameh abd elhalim مشاهدة المشاركة
    الى جميع الأخوة من لدية برنامج الحسابات الهيدروليكية للمضخات ياريت يرسلة لي


    0 Not allowed!



  3. [3]
    فارس2000
    فارس2000 غير متواجد حالياً
    جديد


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2009
    المشاركات: 4
    Thumbs Up
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    Given: 0
    الى جميع الاخوة من لديه برنامج الحسابات الهيدروليكية للمضخات

    0 Not allowed!



  4. [4]
    فارس2000
    فارس2000 غير متواجد حالياً
    جديد


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2009
    المشاركات: 4
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 0
    Given: 0
    الى جميع الأخوة من لدية برنامج الحسابات الهيدروليكية للمضخات ياريت يرسلة لي

    0 Not allowed!



  5. [5]
    فارس2000
    فارس2000 غير متواجد حالياً
    جديد


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2009
    المشاركات: 4
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 0
    Given: 0

    Exclamation برنامج الحسابات الهيدروليكية للمضخات

    []الى جميع الأخوة من لدية برنامج الحسابات الهيدروليكية للمضخات ياريت يرسلة لي[/]:):confused::confused::confused::confused:

    0 Not allowed!



  6. [6]
    azzam adel
    azzam adel غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2009
    المشاركات: 26
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    مصر - القاهرة

    السلام عليكم و رحمة اللة و بركاتة
    يوجد برنامج لعمل الحسابات للطلمبات الهيدروليكية يسمي
    knight hawk supply fluid power calculator
    اتمني من اللة ان يكون هذا البرنامج نافع لكل من يهتم بدراسة المضخات الهيدروليكية

    1 Not allowed!



  7. [7]
    خيري الشريف
    خيري الشريف غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية خيري الشريف


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
    المشاركات: 209
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    NFPA 101®
    Code for Safety to Life from Fire
    in Buildings and Structures
    1997 Edition
    NOTICE: An asterisk (*) following the number or letter designating
    a paragraph indicates that explanatory material on the paragraph
    can be found in Appendix A.
    Information on referenced publications can be found in Chapter
    33 and Appendix B.
    CHAPTER 1* GENERAL
    SECTION 1-1 TITLE
    1-1.1 Title. NFPA 101®, Code for Safety to Life from Fire in
    Buildings and Structures, shall be known as the Life Safety Code, is
    cited as such, and shall be referred to herein as “this Code” or “the
    Code.”
    SECTION 1-2 SCOPE
    1-2.1 This Code addresses life safety from fire. Its provisions
    will also aid life safety in similar emergencies.
    1-2.2* The Code addresses those construction, protection, and
    occupancy features necessary to minimize danger to life from fire,
    including smoke, fumes, or panic.
    1-2.3 The Code identifies the minimum criteria for the design of
    egress facilities so as to permit prompt escape of occupants from
    buildings or, where desirable, into safe areas within buildings.
    1-2.4 The Code recognizes that life safety is more than a matter
    of egress and, accordingly, deals with other considerations that are
    essential to life safety.
    1-2.5 Vehicles, vessels, or other similar conveyances, as defined
    in Section 32-6, shall be treated as a building.
    1-2.6 The Code does not attempt to address all those general fire
    prevention or building construction features that are normally a
    function of fire prevention and building codes.
    1-2.7 The prevention of personal injuries incurred by an individual’s
    own negligence, and the preservation of property from loss by
    fire have not been considered as the basis for any of the provisions
    of this Code.

    0 Not allowed!


    لا اله إلا الله ............................ محمد رسول الله
    م. خيري عبد الحليم الشريف
    بنغازي - ليبيا

  8. [8]
    خيري الشريف
    خيري الشريف غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية خيري الشريف


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
    المشاركات: 209
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    Received: 2
    Given: 0
    SECTION 1-3* APPLICATION
    1-3.1 New and Existing Buildings. The Code applies to both
    new construction and existing buildings. In various chapters there
    are specific provisions for existing buildings that might differ from
    those for new construction.
    1-3.2 Time Allowed for Compliance. A limited but reasonable
    time shall be allowed for compliance with any part of this Code for
    existing buildings commensurate with the magnitude of expenditure,
    disruption of services, and degree of hazard.
    1-3.3 Authority Having Jurisdiction. The authority having jurisdiction
    shall determine the adequacy of means of egress and
    other measures for life safety from fire in accordance with the provisions
    of this Code.
    1-3.4* Modification of Requirements for Existing Buildings.
    The requirements for existing buildings shall be permitted to be
    modified if their application clearly would be impractical in the
    judgment of the authority having jurisdiction, but only where it is
    clearly evident that a reasonable degree of safety is provided.
    1-3.5 Referenced Publications. Existing buildings or installations
    that do not comply with the provisions of the referenced standards
    contained in this document (see Chapter 33) shall be
    permitted to be continued in service provided the lack of conformity
    with these standards does not present a serious hazard to the
    occupants as determined by the authority having jurisdiction.
    1-3.6 Additions. Additions shall conform to the provisions for
    new construction.
    1-3.7* Modernization or Renovation. Any alteration or any
    installation of new equipment shall be accomplished as nearly as
    practicable with the requirements for new construction. Only the
    altered, renovated, or modernized portion of an existing building,
    system, or individual component shall be required to meet the provisions
    of this Code applicable to new construction. If the alteration,
    renovation, or modernization adversely impacts required life
    safety features, additional upgrading shall be required. Existing life
    safety features that do not meet the requirements for new buildings,
    but exceed the requirements for existing buildings, shall not be diminished
    further. In no case shall the resulting life safety features
    be less than those required for existing buildings.
    1-3.8 Priority of Chapter Requirements. Where specific requirements
    contained in Chapters 8 through 32 differ from general
    requirements contained in Chapters 1 through 7, the requirements
    of Chapters 8 through 32 shall govern.
    1-3.9 Provisions in Excess of Code Requirements. Nothing in
    this Code shall be construed to prohibit a better type of building
    construction, additional means of egress, or otherwise safer conditions
    than those specified by the minimum requirements of this
    Code.
    1-3.10 Conditions for Occupancy. No new construction or existing
    building shall be occupied in whole or in part in violation of
    the provisions of this Code.
    Exception: Buildings shall be permitted to remain in use, provided
    that
    (a) A plan of correction has been approved, and
    (b) The occupancy classification remains the same, and
    (c) No serious life safety hazard exists as judged by the authority
    having jurisdiction.
    1-3.11 Construction, Repair, and Improvement Operations.
    1-3.11.1* Buildings or portions of buildings shall be permitted to
    be occupied during construction, repair, alterations, or additions
    only if all required means of egress and all required fire protection
    features are in place and continuously maintained for the portion
    occupied.
    1-3.11.2* In buildings under construction, adequate escape facilities
    shall be maintained at all times for the use of construction
    workers. Escape facilities shall consist of doors, walkways, stairs,
    ramps, fire escapes, ladders, or other approved means or devices
    arranged in accordance with the general principles of the Code insofar
    as they can reasonably be applied to buildings under construction.

    0 Not allowed!


    لا اله إلا الله ............................ محمد رسول الله
    م. خيري عبد الحليم الشريف
    بنغازي - ليبيا

  9. [9]
    خيري الشريف
    خيري الشريف غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية خيري الشريف


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
    المشاركات: 209
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    1-3.11.3 Flammable or explosive substances or equipment for repairs
    or alterations shall be permitted in a building of normally low
    or ordinary hazard classification while the building is occupied only
    if the condition of use and safeguards provided do not create any additional
    danger or impediment to egress beyond the normally permissible
    conditions in the building.
    1-3.12* Changes of Occupancy. In any building or structure,
    whether necessitating a physical alteration or not, a change from
    one occupancy classification to another, or from one occupancy
    subclassification to another subclassification of the same occupancy,
    shall be permitted only if such structure, building, or portion
    thereof conforms with the requirements of this Code applying to
    new construction for the proposed new use.
    Exception: Where specifically permitted elsewhere in the Code,
    existing construction features shall be permitted to be continued in
    use in conversions.
    1-3.13 Maintenance and Testing.
    1-3.13.1 Whenever or wherever any device, equipment, system,
    condition, arrangement, level of protection, or any other feature is
    required for compliance with the provisions of this Code, such device,
    equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protection,
    or other feature shall thereafter be continuously maintained in
    accordance with applicable NFPA requirements or as directed by
    the authority having jurisdiction.
    1-3.13.2* Existing life safety features such as, but not limited to,
    automatic sprinklers, fire alarm systems, standpipes, and horizontal
    exits, if not required by the Code, either shall be maintained or removed.
    1-3.13.3 Equipment requiring periodic testing or operation to ensure
    its maintenance shall be tested or operated as specified elsewhere
    in this Code or as directed by the authority having
    jurisdiction.
    1-3.13.4 Maintenance and testing shall be under the supervision
    of a responsible person who shall ensure that testing and maintenance
    are made at specified intervals in accordance with applicable
    NFPA standards or as directed by the authority having jurisdiction.
    SECTION 1-4 PURPOSE
    1-4.1 The purpose of this Code is to provide minimum requirements,
    with due regard to function, for the design, operation, and
    maintenance of buildings and structures for safety to life from fire.
    Its provisions will also aid life safety in similar emergencies.
    1-4.2* An objective of this Code is to protect the occupants not
    intimate with the initial fire development from loss of life and to
    improve the survivability of those who are intimate with the fire
    development.
    1-4.3* Protection of occupants is achieved by the combination of
    prevention, protection, egress, and other features with due regard to
    the capabilities and reliability of the features involved.
    1-4.4 The Code endeavors to avoid requirements that might involve
    unreasonable hardships or unnecessary inconvenience or interference
    with the normal use and occupancy of a building, but
    provides for fire safety consistent with the public interest.
    SECTION 1-5 ASSUMPTION
    1-5.1 The protection methods assume a single fire source.
    SECTION 1-6 EQUIVALENCY
    1-6.1* Nothing in this Code is intended to prevent the use of calculation
    methods, test methods, systems, methods, or devices of
    equivalent or superior quality, strength, fire resistance, effectiveness,
    durability, and safety as alternatives to those prescribed by
    this Code, provided technical documentation is submitted to the
    authority having jurisdiction to demonstrate equivalency and the
    system, method, or device is approved for the intended purpose.
    1-6.2* Alternative systems, methods, or devices approved as
    equivalent by the authority having jurisdiction shall be recognized
    as being in compliance with this Code.
    SECTION 1-7* FIRE EXIT DRILLS
    1-7.1 Fire exit drills conforming to the provisions of this Code
    shall be conducted regularly in occupancies where specified by the
    provisions of Chapters 8 through 32, or by appropriate action of the
    authority having jurisdiction. Drills shall be designed in cooperation
    with the local authorities.
    1-7.2* Fire exit drills, where required by the authority having jurisdiction,
    shall be held with sufficient frequency to familiarize occupants
    with the drill procedure and to have the conduct of the drill
    a matter of established routine. Drills shall include suitable procedures
    to ensure that all persons in the building or all persons subject
    to the drill actually participate.
    1-7.3 Responsibility for the planning and conduct of drills shall
    be assigned only to competent persons qualified to exercise leadership.
    1-7.4 In the conduct of drills, emphasis shall be placed on orderly
    evacuation under proper discipline rather than on speed.
    1-7.5* Drills shall be held at expected and unexpected times and
    under varying conditions to simulate the unusual conditions that
    occur in the case of fire.
    SECTION 1-8 UNITS
    1-8.1 Metric units of measurement in this Code are in accordance
    with the modernized metric system known as the International System
    of Units (SI).
    1-8.2 If a value for measurement as given in this Code is followed
    by an equivalent value in other units, the first stated shall be
    regarded as the requirement. A given equivalent value may be approximate.
    1-8.3 The conversion procedure for the SI units has been to multiply
    the quantity by the conversion factor and then round the result
    to the appropriate number of significant digits

    0 Not allowed!


    لا اله إلا الله ............................ محمد رسول الله
    م. خيري عبد الحليم الشريف
    بنغازي - ليبيا

  10. [10]
    خيري الشريف
    خيري الشريف غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال جداً
    الصورة الرمزية خيري الشريف


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
    المشاركات: 209
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 2
    Given: 0
    CHAPTER 2 FUNDAMENTAL
    REQUIREMENTS
    2-1* Every building or structure, new or old, designed for human
    occupancy shall be provided with means of egress and other safeguards
    sufficient to permit the prompt escape of occupants or shall
    furnish other means to provide a reasonable degree of safety for occupants.
    The design of means of egress and other safeguards shall
    be such that reliance for safety to life will not depend solely on any
    single safeguard; additional safeguards shall be provided for life
    safety in case any single safeguard is ineffective due to human or
    mechanical failure.
    2-2 Every building or structure shall be constructed, arranged,
    equipped, maintained, and operated to avoid undue danger to the
    lives and safety of its occupants from fire, smoke, fumes, or resulting
    panic during the period of time reasonably necessary for escape
    from the building or structure or for that period of time needed to
    defend in place.
    2-3 Every building or structure shall be provided with means of
    egress and other safeguards of kinds, numbers, locations, and capacities
    appropriate to the individual building or structure, with due
    regard to the character of the occupancy, the capabilities of the occupants,
    the number of persons exposed, the fire protection available,
    the height and type of construction of the building or
    structure, and other factors necessary to provide all occupants with
    a reasonable degree of safety.
    2-4 In every building or structure, means of egress shall be arranged
    and maintained to provide free and unobstructed egress
    from all parts of the building or structure at all times when it is occupied.
    No lock or fastening shall be installed to prevent free escape
    from the inside of any building. Means of egress shall be
    accessible to the extent necessary to ensure reasonable safety for
    occupants having impaired mobility.
    Exception: Locks shall be permitted in mental health, detention,
    or correctional facilities where supervisory personnel are continually
    on duty and effective provisions are made to remove occupants
    in case of fire or other emergency.
    2-5 Every exit shall be clearly visible, or the route to reach every
    exit shall be conspicuously indicated in such a manner that every
    occupant of every building or structure who is physically and mentally
    capable will readily know the direction of escape from any
    point. Each means of egress, in its entirety, shall be arranged or
    marked so that the way to a place of safety is indicated in a clear
    manner. Any doorway or passageway that is not an exit or a way to
    reach an exit, but is capable of being confused with an exit, shall be
    arranged or marked to prevent occupant confusion with acceptable
    exits. Every effort shall be taken to avoid occupants mistakenly
    traveling into dead-end spaces in a fire emergency.
    2-6 Where artificial illumination is required in a building or
    structure, egress facilities shall be included in the lighting design in
    an adequate and reliable manner.
    2-7 In every building or structure of such size, arrangement, or
    occupancy that a fire itself might not provide adequate occupant
    warning, fire alarm facilities shall be provided where necessary to
    warn occupants of the existence of fire. Fire alarms alert occupants
    to initiate emergency procedures and facilitate the orderly conduct
    of fire exit drills.
    2-8 Two means of egress, as a minimum, shall be provided in every
    building or structure, section, and area where size, occupancy,
    and arrangement endanger occupants attempting to use a single
    means of egress that is blocked by fire or smoke. The two means of
    egress shall be arranged to minimize the possibility that both might
    be rendered impassable by the same emergency condition.
    2-9 Every exit stair, exit ramp, and other vertical opening between
    floors of a building shall be suitably enclosed or protected,
    as necessary, to afford reasonable safety to occupants while using
    means of egress and to prevent spread of fire, smoke, or fumes
    through vertical openings from floor to floor before occupants have
    entered exits.
    2-10* Compliance with this Code shall not be construed as eliminating
    or reducing the necessity for other provisions for safety of
    persons using a structure under normal occupancy conditions.
    Also, no provision of the Code shall be construed as requiring or
    permitting any condition that might be hazardous under normal occupancy
    conditions.

    0 Not allowed!


    لا اله إلا الله ............................ محمد رسول الله
    م. خيري عبد الحليم الشريف
    بنغازي - ليبيا

  
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