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طلب مساعدة عاجلة

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  1. [1]
    الصورة الرمزية aanalis
    aanalis
    aanalis غير متواجد حالياً

    جديد

    تاريخ التسجيل: Oct 2008
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    طلب مساعدة عاجلة

    السلام عليكم
    أنا طالبة هندسة في السنة الأخيرة
    ومشروعي عن محطات توليد الطاقة بنوعيها
    (steam cycle) (cobmind cycle)
    وقد إنتهيت تقريبا من steam cycle
    بكل جوانبها لكن واجهت مشكلة في كيفية ربطها
    مع gas cycle والبدء في الحسابات مع العلم أني أريد حساب
    الكفاءة ومن خلالها حساب قيمة الشغل.
    أتمنى منكم فهم طلبي والإجابة السريعة
    وأنا شاكرة جدا لكم.

  2. [2]
    محمد فوزى
    محمد فوزى غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو شرف
    الصورة الرمزية محمد فوزى


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jun 2005
    المشاركات: 243

    وسام الشكر

     وسام كبار الشخصيات

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  3. [3]
    مهندس سورجي
    مهندس سورجي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jul 2008
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    In the Name Of God Most Mersciful


    Themes > Science > Physics > Thermodynamics > Basic Thermodynamics Cycles > Steam Power Cycle
    Power plants generate electrical power by using fuels like coal, oil or natural gas. A simple power plant consists of a boiler, turbine, condenser and a pump. Fuel, burned in the boiler and superheater, heats the water to generate steam. The steam is then heated to a superheated state in the superheater. This steam is used to rotate the turbine which powers the generator. Electrical energy is generated when the generator windings rotate in a strong magnetic field. After the steam leaves the turbine it is cooled to its liquid state in the condenser. The liquid is pressurized by the pump prior to going back to the boiler A simple power plant is described by a Rankine Cycle.
    RANKINE CYCLE

    Saturated or superheated steam enters the turbine at state 1, where it expands isentropically to the exit pressure at state 2. The steam is then condensed at constant pressure and temperature to a saturated liquid, state 3. The heat removed from the steam in the condenser is typically transferred to the cooling water. The saturated liquid then flows through the pump which increases the pressure to the boiler pressure (state 4), where the water is first heated to the saturation temperature, boiled and typically superheated to state 1. Then the whole cycle is repeated.


    Typical Modifications
    REHEAT

    When steam leaves the turbine, it is typically wet. The presense of water causes erosion of the turbine blades. To prevent this, steam is extracted from high pressure turbine (state 2), and then it is reheated in the boiler (state 2') and sent back to the low pressure turbine.
    REGENERATION

    Regeneration helps improve the Rankine cycle efficiency by preheating the feedwater into the boiler. Regeneration can be achieved by open feedwater heaters or closed feedwater heaters. In open feedwater heaters, a fraction of the steam exiting a high pressure turbine is mixed with the feedwater at the same pressure. In closed system, the steam bled from the turbine is not directly mixed with the feedwater, and therefore, the two streams can be at different pressures.

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  4. [4]
    مهندس سورجي
    مهندس سورجي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jul 2008
    المشاركات: 86
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    In The Name Of God Most Merciful

    Combined Cycle Plants

    The combined-cycle unit combines the Rankine (steam turbine) and Brayton (gas turbine) thermodynamic cycles by using heat recovery boilers to capture the energy in the gas turbine exhaust gases for steam production to supply a steam turbine as shown in the figure "Combined-Cycle Cogeneration Unit". Process steam can be also provided for industrial purposes.


    Fossil fuel-fired (central) power plants use either steam or combustion turbines to provide the mechanical power to electrical generators. Pressurized high temperature steam or gas expands through various stages of a turbine, transferring energy to the rotating turbine blades. The turbine is mechanically coupled to a generator, which produces electricity.
    Steam Turbine Power Plants:
    Steam turbine power plants operate on a Rankine cycle. The steam is created by a boiler, where pure water passes through a series of tubes to capture heat from the firebox and then boils under high pressure to become superheated steam. The heat in the firebox is normally provided by burning fossil fuel (e.g. coal, fuel oil or natural gas). However, the heat can also be provided by biomass, solar energy or nuclear fuel. The superheated steam leaving the boiler then enters the steam turbine throttle, where it powers the turbine and connected generator to make electricity. After the steam expands through the turbine, it exits the back end of the turbine, where it is cooled and condensed back to water in the surface condenser. This condensate is then returned to the boiler through high-pressure feedpumps for reuse. Heat from the condensing steam is normally rejected from the condenser to a body of water, such as a river or cooling tower.
    Steam turbine plants generally have a history of achieving up to 95% availability and can operate for more than a year between shutdowns for maintenance and inspections. Their unplanned or forced outage rates are typically less than 2% or less than one week per year.
    Modern large steam turbine plants (over 500 MW) have efficiencies approaching 40-45%. These plants have installed costs between $800 and$2000/kW, depending on environmental permitting requirements.

    <FONT face="Century Schoolbook">

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  5. [5]
    مهندس سورجي
    مهندس سورجي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jul 2008
    المشاركات: 86
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    In The Name Of God Most Merciful



    Combined Cycle Plants

    The combined-cycle unit combines the Rankine (steam turbine) and Brayton (gas turbine) thermodynamic cycles by using heat recovery boilers to capture the energy in the gas turbine exhaust gases for steam production to supply a steam turbine as shown in the figure "Combined-Cycle Cogeneration Unit". Process steam can be also provided for industrial purposes.


    Fossil fuel-fired (central) power plants use either steam or combustion turbines to provide the mechanical power to electrical generators. Pressurized high temperature steam or gas expands through various stages of a turbine, transferring energy to the rotating turbine blades. The turbine is mechanically coupled to a generator, which produces electricity.
    Steam Turbine Power Plants:
    Steam turbine power plants operate on a Rankine cycle. The steam is created by a boiler, where pure water passes through a series of tubes to capture heat from the firebox and then boils under high pressure to become superheated steam. The heat in the firebox is normally provided by burning fossil fuel (e.g. coal, fuel oil or natural gas). However, the heat can also be provided by biomass, solar energy or nuclear fuel. The superheated steam leaving the boiler then enters the steam turbine throttle, where it powers the turbine and connected generator to make electricity. After the steam expands through the turbine, it exits the back end of the turbine, where it is cooled and condensed back to water in the surface condenser. This condensate is then returned to the boiler through high-pressure feedpumps for reuse. Heat from the condensing steam is normally rejected from the condenser to a body of water, such as a river or cooling tower.
    Steam turbine plants generally have a history of achieving up to 95% availability and can operate for more than a year between shutdowns for maintenance and inspections. Their unplanned or forced outage rates are typically less than 2% or less than one week per year.
    Modern large steam turbine plants (over 500 MW) have efficiencies approaching 40-45%. These plants have installed costs between $800 and$2000/kW, depending on environmental permitting requirements.

    <FONT face="Century Schoolbook">

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  6. [6]
    مهندس سورجي
    مهندس سورجي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jul 2008
    المشاركات: 86
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    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    http://www.cogeneration.net/Combined...wer_Plants.htm

    أرجوا أن تصلو على حبيب الله و حبيبنا أفضل صلاوة (محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم)

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  7. [7]
    aanalis
    aanalis غير متواجد حالياً
    جديد
    الصورة الرمزية aanalis


    تاريخ التسجيل: Oct 2008
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    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
    والصلاة والسلام على حبيبنا المصطفى سيدنا محمد
    صلى الله عليه وسلم
    بارك الله فيكم وجزاكم الله ألف خير
    على الإستجابة لطلبي.

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    (اللهم زدنا علما وأنفعنا بما علمتنا)

  
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