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خطة لبناء أول جامعة إسلامية في ملاوي

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    هانى شرف الدين
    هانى شرف الدين غير متواجد حالياً

    عضو شرف

     وسام الشكر

      وسام كبار الشخصيات


    تاريخ التسجيل: Nov 2005
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    خطة لبناء أول جامعة إسلامية في ملاوي



    أعلن مسلمو ملاوي عن خطة لتدشين أول جامعة إسلامية في البلاد بهدف الارتقاء بمستوى التعليم في صفوف المسلمين. وقال "باكيلي مولوزي" رئيس الدولة السابق والمرشح لرئاسة حزب الجبهة الديمقراطية المتحدة، "لقد اقترحت تشكيل لجنة لمناقشة إمكانية تدشين الجامعة الإسلامية، وبالفعل دخل الأمر حيز التنفيذ"، مضيفا "إذا كان للأديان الأخرى مستشفيات وجامعات، فلماذا لا يكون لنا نحن أيضا".

    وقدم "مولوزي" هذا الاقتراح خلال احتفاليات المسلمين بعيد الفطر الماضي لإيمانه بأن "الجامعة الإسلامية ستسهم بدور فاعل في النسيج الاجتماعي داخل ملاوي". وفي السياق ذاته قال أحد أعضاء اللجنة التي تعمل على بلورة الاقتراح: "يجب على المؤسسات التعليمية في ملاوي أن تقدم خدماتها للمسلمين وغير المسلمين على حد سواء".

    ومن المتوقع أن تفتح الجامعة الجديدة أبوابها للجميع، لدراسة تعاليم الإسلام، كما سيكون هناك إمكانية الحصول على شهادة في الدراسات الإسلامية لكل من يرغب في ذلك، ولو كانوا من غير المسلمين. ويوجد في ملاوي الآن ثلاثة جامعات تديرها كنائس، هي، كلية الإنجيل الأفريقية، وجامعة ليفنجستونيا، التي تديرها كنيسة وسط أفريقيا، والجامعة الكاثوليكية، بالإضافة إلى جامعتين حكوميتين هما، جامعة ملاوي، والتي تضم خمس كليات، وجامعة مزوزو.

    جدير بالذكر أن المسلمين في ملاوي يمثلون 20 % من سكان البلاد، في حين أن 70 % من المسيحيين، وينتمون لكنائس مختلفة تحظى الكاثوليكية بنصيب الأسد بينها، فيما تتوزع العشرة بالمائة الباقية بين اعتقادات مختلفة.


    مالاوى





    Geography

    Location: Southern Africa, east of Zambia

    Geographic coordinates: 13 30 S, 34 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 118,480 sq km
    land: 94,080 sq km
    water: 24,400 sq km

    Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,881 km
    border countries: Mozambique 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)

    Terrain: narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique 37 m
    highest point: Mount Mlanje Sapitwa 3,002 m

    Natural resources: limestone, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite

    Land use:
    arable land: 18%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures : 20%
    forests and woodland: 39%
    other: 23% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 280 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment - current issues: deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations

    Environment - international agreements:
    party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

    Geography - note: landlocked


    People

    Population: 10,701,824 (July 2002 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years :44% (male 2,358,730; female 2,347,017)
    15-64 years: 53.2% (male 2,810,478; female 2,884,601)
    65 years and over: 2.8% (male 120,761; female 180,237) (2002 est.)

    Population growth rate: 1.39% (2002 est.)

    Birth rate: 37.13 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

    Death rate: 23.2 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

    Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
    15-64 years : 0.97 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 119.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population :36.59 years
    male: 36.05 years
    female: 37.15 years (2002 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 5.04 children born/woman (2002 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Malawian(s)
    adjective: Malawian

    Ethnic groups: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuko, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European

    Religions: Protestant 55%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 20%, traditional indigenous beliefs

    Languages: English (official), Chichewa (official), other languages important regionally

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population : 58%
    male: 72.8%
    female: 43.4% (1999 est.)


    Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Malawi
    conventional short form: Malawi
    former: Nyasaland

    Data code: MI

    Government type: multiparty democracy

    National capital: Lilongwe

    Administrative divisions: 27 districts; Balaka, Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Likoma, Lilongwe, Machinga (Kasupe), Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo, Zomba

    Independence: 6 July 1964 (from UK)

    National holiday: Independence Day 6 July (1964); Republic Day 6 July (1966)

    Constitution: 18 May 1995

    Legal system: based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Appeal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Bakili MULUZI (since 21 May 1994); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Bakili MULUZI (since 21 May 1994); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    cabinet: Cabinet named by the president
    elections : president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 15 June 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
    election results: Bakili MULUZI reelected president; percent of vote - Bakili MULUZI (UDF) 51.4%, Gwandaguluwe CHAKUAMBA (MCP-AFORD) 44.3%

    Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (177 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held 15 June 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
    election results:percent of vote by party - UDF 48%, MCP 34%, AFORD 15%, others 3%; seats by party - UDF 96, MCP 61, AFORD 30, others 6

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Appeal; High Court (chief justice appointed by the president, puisne judges appointed on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission); magistrate's courts

    Political parties and leaders: Alliance for Democracy or AFORD [Chakufwa CHIHANA, president]; Malawi Congress Party or MCP [Gwanda CHAKUAMBA, president, John TEMBO, vice president]; Malawi Democratic Party or MDP [Kampelo KALUA, president]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Bakili MULUZI] - governing party

    International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: AmbassadorPaul Tony Steven KANDIERO
    chancery: 2408 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 797-1007

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Roger A. MEECE
    embassy : address NA, in new capital city development area in Lilongwe
    mailing address: P. O. Box 30016, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
    telephone: [265] 783 166
    FAX: [265] 780 471

    Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green with a radiant, rising, red sun centered in the black band


    Economy

    Economy - overview:Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's least developed countries. The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture accounts for 40% of GDP and 88% of export revenues. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the World Bank, and individual donor nations. In late 2000, Malawi was approved for relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. The government faces strong challenges, e.g., to fully develop a market economy, to improve educational facilities, to face up to environmental problems, and to deal with the rapidly growing problem of HIV/AIDS. The performance of the tobacco sector is key to short-term growth.

    GDP: purchasing power parity - $7 billion (2001 est.)

    GDP - real growth rate: 1.7% (2001 est.)

    GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $660 (2001 est.)

    GDP - composition by sector:
    agriculture : 40%
    industry: 19%
    services: 41% (2000 est.)

    Inflation rate - consumer price index: 28.6% (2001 est.)

    Labor force:
    total: 4.5 million (2001 est.)
    by occupation : agriculture 86%, wage earners 14% (1997 est.)

    Unemployment rate: NA%

    Budget:
    revenues : $490 million
    expenditures: $523 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY99/00 est.)

    Industries: tea, tobacco, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods

    Industrial production growth rate: 2.5% (2001 est.)

    Electricity - capacity: 190,000 kW (1993)

    Electricity - production: 825 million kWh (2000)

    Electricity - consumption per capita: 767.25 million kWh (2000)

    Agriculture - products: tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses; cattle, goats

    Exports:
    total value : $415.5 million (f.o.b., 2001)
    commodities: tobacco, tea, sugar, coffee, peanuts, wood products
    partners: US, South Africa, Germany, Japan

    Imports:
    total value: $463.6 million (f.o.b., 2001)
    commodities: food, petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment
    partners :South Africa 40%, UK 11%, Zimbabwe 7%, Japan 5%, Germany 2%, US 1.8%, Zambia (2000)

    Debt - external: $2.8 billion (2001 est.)

    Economic aid:
    recipient: $427 million (1999)

    Currency: 1 Malawian kwacha (MWK) = 100 tambala

    Exchange rates: Malawian kwachas per US dollar - 67.3111 (December 2001), 72.1973 (2001), 59.5438 (2000), 44.0881 (1999), 31.0727 (1998), 16.4442 (1997)

    Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March


    Communications

    Telephones:38,000 (1999)

    Telephone system:
    domestic : fair system of open-wire lines, microwave radio relay links, and radiotelephone communications stations
    international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean)

    Radio broadcast stations: AM 9, FM 5 (plus 15 repeater stations), shortwave 2 (plus a third station held in standby status) (2001)

    Radios: 2.6 million (1997)

    Television broadcast stations: 1 (2001)

    Televisions: NA


    Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 797 km
    narrow gauge: 797 km 1.067-m gauge (2001)

    Highways:
    total: 14,594 km
    paved :2,773 km
    unpaved: 11,821 km (2001)

    Waterways: 144 km Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi); Shire River, 144 km

    Ports and harbors: Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota

    Airports: 44 (2001)

    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 6
    over 3,047 m: 1
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m : 4 (2001)

    Airports - with unpaved runways:
    total: 38
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
    914 to 1,523 m : 14
    under 914 m: 23 (2001)


    Military

    Military branches: Army (includes Air Wing and Naval Detachment), Police (includes paramilitary Mobile Force Unit)

    Military manpower - availability:
    males age 15-49: 2,535,207 (2002 est.)

    Military manpower - fit for military service:
    males: 1,301,625 (2002 est.)

    Military expenditures - dollar figure: $9.5 million (FY00/01)

    Military expenditures - percent of GDP:0.76% (FY00/01)


    Transnational Issues

    Disputes - international: dispute with Tanzania over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi)

  2. [2]
    ماهر عيون
    ماهر عيون غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو شرف


    تاريخ التسجيل: Aug 2008
    المشاركات: 3,272

    وسام الشكر

     وسام كبار الشخصيات

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