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ما معنى Right-of-way ؟

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  1. [1]
    الصورة الرمزية إسلام علي
    إسلام علي
    إسلام علي غير متواجد حالياً

    عضو متميز

    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2005
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    ما معنى Right-of-way ؟

    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله
    أثناء قراءتي لعرض تعليمي لمادة تصميم الطرق تعرضت لهذا المصطلح المذكور المذكور أعلاه ولم أعرف ترجمته
    فأرجو التعاون :)

    من مواضيع إسلام علي :


    0 Not allowed!



    لنعمل بجدية لتحسين مجال العمارة والإنشاء في سبيل خدمة أمتنا وهويتها الإسلامية, لا للتغريب ولا للعبثية والتفاخر في العمارة.
    لنتجنب أن نكون ممن قال الله فيهم
    : ( أتبنون بكل ريع آية تعبثون * وتتخذون مصانع لعلكم تخلدون )

  2. [2]
    إبراهيم أسامة
    إبراهيم أسامة غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو متميز
    الصورة الرمزية إبراهيم أسامة


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jul 2006
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    يعني حقوق الطبع

    0 Not allowed!


    أنا في الحياة وديعة وغدا سأمضي عابرا في رحلتي

  3. [3]
    مهاجر
    مهاجر غير متواجد حالياً
    مشرف عــــــــام
    الصورة الرمزية مهاجر


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jun 2003
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    السلام عليكم

    Right-of-way

    اخي بشر ممكن لها معاني كثيرة .. ياريت تكتب لنا الجملة كاملة لو سمحت، فيكون المعنى حسب الموقع

    0 Not allowed!



  4. [4]
    amr_zaki
    amr_zaki غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو فعال


    تاريخ التسجيل: Dec 2005
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    حق استخدام الطريق

    طبعا دى ترجمة حرفية !!!!!!
    و لكن بالنسبة لموضوع تصميم الطرق داخل حدود المدن يوجد عدة معاير منها على سبيل المثال
    - ان الارصفة يجب ان تكون بعرض مناسب لتسهيل سير المشاة
    - عند مناطق عبور الطريق يجب ان يوضع ميول خفيف يسمح للمعوقين الجالسين على كراسى متحركة بالنزول و الصعود الى الرصيف
    - مثلا يجب ان تكون اعمدى الانارة و لوحات اعلانات المحلات ذات ارتفاع كافى حتى لا تصدم راس شخص كفيف بها اثناء السير


    الموضوع كبير و محتاج دراسة - الكتاب التالى ممتاز فى هذا الموضوع
    WEST VIRGINIA DOT
    Accessible Rights-of-Way Design Guide
    Sidewalk - Street Crossings - Other Pedestrian Facilities

    http://www.wvdot.com/engineering/Man...PROWguidel.pdf

    0 Not allowed!



  5. [5]
    Abo Fares
    Abo Fares غير متواجد حالياً
    مشرف


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2008
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    وسام الاشراف

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    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة bishr مشاهدة المشاركة
    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله
    أثناء قراءتي لعرض تعليمي لمادة تصميم الطرق تعرضت لهذا المصطلح المذكور المذكور أعلاه ولم أعرف ترجمته
    فأرجو التعاون :)
    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته..

    أشكر جميع الأساتذة الكرام على المشاركة، وكما ذكر الأستاذ العزيز مهاجر، دائماً الكلمة أو المصطلح يعتمد معناه على الجملة التي يقع فيها..

    ولكن في هذه الحالة، وطالما أن الكتاب يتكلم عن الطرق، أنا أتفق مع الأخ amr_zaki، ومعنى هذه العبارة:
    Right of Way = حق المرور في الطريق قبل الآخرين

    مع تحيـــــــــاتي..

    0 Not allowed!




  6. [6]
    حسان2
    حسان2 غير متواجد حالياً

    إستشاري الهندسة المدنية


    الصورة الرمزية حسان2


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
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    What is a ‘right of way’?

    A right of way is a form of an easement granted by the property owner that gives the right to travel over your land and to have the reasonable use and enjoyment of your property to others as long as it is not inconsistent with your use and enjoyment of the land. These principles had their origin in traditional common law which governed, for example, the free flow of water or allowed neighboring landowners to travel over another’s property (an informal "road system"). Although ownership rights of property are lessened by an easement, society at large benefits due to the additional freedom of movement.

    بالمصطلحات المستعملة في سوريا يمكن تلخيصها بمصطلح: حق الارتفاق

    0 Not allowed!



  7. [7]
    إسلام علي
    إسلام علي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو متميز
    الصورة الرمزية إسلام علي


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2005
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    Thumbs up

    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة مهاجر مشاهدة المشاركة
    السلام عليكم
    right-of-way
    اخي بشر ممكن لها معاني كثيرة .. ياريت تكتب لنا الجملة كاملة لو سمحت، فيكون المعنى حسب الموقع
    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله ..هي الجملة كانت عبارة مستقلة كعنوان عريض لإحدى نقاط المحاضرة
    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة amr_zaki مشاهدة المشاركة
    - ان الارصفة يجب ان تكون بعرض مناسب لتسهيل سير المشاة
    - عند مناطق عبور الطريق يجب ان يوضع ميول خفيف يسمح للمعوقين الجالسين على كراسى متحركة بالنزول و الصعود الى الرصيف
    - مثلا يجب ان تكون اعمدى الانارة و لوحات اعلانات المحلات ذات ارتفاع كافى حتى لا تصدم راس شخص كفيف بها اثناء السير
    جزاك الله خيراً كتاب جميل
    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة أبو الحلول مشاهدة المشاركة
    Right Of Way = حق المرور في الطريق قبل الآخرين
    دائماً لك دلو كبير في مشاكل اللغة م محمد
    اقتباس المشاركة الأصلية كتبت بواسطة حسان2 مشاهدة المشاركة
    بالمصطلحات المستعملة في سوريا يمكن تلخيصها بمصطلح: حق الارتفاق
    فعلاً ده المصطلح المستخدم عندنا في مصر 1000 شكر م حسان2

    0 Not allowed!



    لنعمل بجدية لتحسين مجال العمارة والإنشاء في سبيل خدمة أمتنا وهويتها الإسلامية, لا للتغريب ولا للعبثية والتفاخر في العمارة.
    لنتجنب أن نكون ممن قال الله فيهم
    : ( أتبنون بكل ريع آية تعبثون * وتتخذون مصانع لعلكم تخلدون )

  8. [8]
    حسان2
    حسان2 غير متواجد حالياً

    إستشاري الهندسة المدنية


    الصورة الرمزية حسان2


    تاريخ التسجيل: May 2006
    المشاركات: 2,979
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    ولمزيد من توضيح معنى هذه العبارة "right of way " والفرق بينها وبين "easements" وكلاهما لهما معنى متقارب جدا والفرق تقني أكثر منه لغوي. العبارتين يفهم منهم حق الارتفاق ولكن كل منهما تعود لأنواع معينة من الارتفاقات:
    What is an easement or right-of-way?
    An easement* or right-of-way is an agreement that confers on an individual, company or municipality the right to use a landowner’s property in some way. While these agreements grant rights, they also have the effect of partially restricting an owner’s use of the affected portions of land.

    For example, if you own property and a utility company has a main gas line passing under your land, it is likely that they will have a registered easement that will guarantee them access to the line and restrict uses or activities that would hamper such access or cause safety concerns.

    Easements and rights-of-way are usually registered on the certificate of title to the property. They remain with the land and are automatically transferred from one owner to another as the land is sold. Easements remain on the title until the holder of the easement discharges their rights from the certificate of title.

    An easement or right-of-way usually describes a particular portion of property, and although not visible on the ground, provides an area of access to the holder of the easement or right-of-way.

    Easements and rights-of-way are very common. Most urban and many rural properties are subject to easement or right-of-way agreements.

    What are some examples?
    Often an easement is referred to as a ‘right-of-way.’ This term is particularly used for energy and municipal-related easements.

    Easements Rights-of-Way

    • access roads utility corridors

    • pathways/walkways power lines

    • utilities • sewer/water lines

    • right to park

    • right of light gas/oil transmission lines


    • right to commit a nuisance (noise, dust, etc.)

    Who owns an easement or right-of-way?
    The holder (beneficiary or grantee) of an easement or right-of-way holds certain rights regarding usage of the property described in the agreement. The holder’s rights of use are described and restricted by the agreement. The landowner continues to own the land and has only given up defined rights on the portion of land used for the right-of-way or easement.

    The agreement defines all the rights and obligations of the holder of the easement or right-of-way and the restrictions that are placed upon the property subject to the agreement.

    What is a blanket easement?
    A blanket easement may cover an entire parcel of land —not only the specific location of a utility structure. Blanket easements were often used to provide for protection of well-site flow lines and for water and gas co-ops. A property owner should check with the holder of the easement to see if it is still required or whether it can be reduced in size.

    Does a landowner get paid for an easement or right-of-way?
    The landowner granting the easement will receive a payment ($1.00 minimum) to make the agreement legal. Any other
    compensation is subject to negotiation between the landowner and the company or person requesting an easement or right-of-way.

    Can a landowner refuse to provide an easement or right-of-way?
    Yes. A landowner must consent in writing before the registration of a new easement or right-of-way. If a landowner refuses to grant consent, an easement or right-of-way may still be obtained and registered if it is based upon a decision of the Surface Rights Board, expropriation, or a judge’s order if it is determined that registration would be in the greater public good.

    Can an easement or right-of-way be removed from the title?
    Yes. An easement or right-of-way may be removed with the consent of the holder of the agreement or by judge’s order. An
    argument for removal must be based upon proof that the easement or right-of-way is no longer needed. Even though an easement is removed from the certificate of title, its boundaries remain on plans to show locations of abandoned buried facilities.

    How can the location of an easement or right-of-way be determined?
    There are four ways to determine the location of an easement or right-of-way. First, a survey plan may be registered at Land Titles. Second, the easement may be described by a metes and bounds description, which describes the location of the easement in words. In addition, the metes and bounds description may be accompanied by a sketch showing the location of the easement. Third, a landowner can consult the holder of the easement or right-of-way or, fourth, have the boundaries identified by an Alberta Land Surveyor.

    Will a building permit include information about easements?
    No! It is the responsibility of the landowner to know of any easements or rights-of-way that may restrict uses of land.

    The holder of the easement or right-of-way may be able to veto future development and uses of buildings may be restricted even if they are not located on the specific land identified as the easement or right-of-way.

    Before landowners build or apply for a development permit, they should check the certificate of title to the land for easements or rights-of-way and any accompanying restrictions. It is the landowner’s responsibility to know.

    A landowner should contact Alberta One-Call at 1-800-242-3447 or the holder of the easement or right-of-way prior to any construction activity in order to determine the location of underground facilities.

    Will an easement or right-of-way affect the value of property?
    Each situation is different. The value of property may be affected by restrictions on the land resulting from the easement or right-of-way. Property owners and purchasers should consider the effects of easements and rights-of-way.

    Restrictions are placed upon use of the property subject to the right-of-way or easement for a variety of reasons. Most restrictions are based upon either access or safety. Some restrictions may be negotiable, while others may be specified by government regulation and are, therefore, non-negotiable. Restrictions may affect a significantly larger portion of the property than the area defined in the easement or right-of-way agreement.

    What kinds of restrictions usually accompany an easement or right-of-way?
    Typically, location of buildings on the easement or right-of-way will be prohibited and even the location of some structures near the easement or right-of-way may be restricted. Each agreement will specify the restrictions for the particular property.

    Uses that do not pose any safety concern or that will not restrict access are often permitted. Landowners should consult any easement or right-of-way agreement prior to undertaking any major construction or alteration to their property.

    What is an encroachment on an easement?
    An encroachment is a physical intrusion (location) of a structure, part of a structure or land use into the area of the easement or right-of-way contrary to the agreement. Depending upon the type of encroachment, the holder of the easement or right-of-way may require that the structure be removed or land use be terminated at the landowner’s expense.

    It may be possible to encroach on an easement. This requires the prior written approval of the holder of the easement or right-of-way. The approval is usually by way of an encroachment or amending agreement.


    Example: Urban Lot Easement/Right-of-Way; Lot 22 Block 4

    a = High Pressure Gas Line
    b = Drainage Swale
    c = Drainage Swale
    d = Utilities (Gas, etc.)

    Note: The red line marks the property boundary. RW Plan means Right-of-Way Plan.




    Can a landowner cross an easement or right-of-way?
    It is the responsibility of a landowner to contact the holder of an easement or right-of-way prior to any proposed construction or crossing. The holder will normally grant a crossing agreement or the appropriate consent. Typical examples of crossings are: utilities (both overhead and underground); fences, roads, driveways, ditches, grading or changes to the soil cover over an easement or right-of-way.

    Are there penalties for locating buildings or
    improvements on land subject to an easement or right-of-way?
    The landowner may be faced with all costs of removal and any associated damages resulting from unauthorized location of
    improvements on land that is subject to an easement or right-of-way.

    Who maintains the property subject to an easement or right-of-way?
    Maintenance of the property is the responsibility of the landowner. If the holder of the easement or right-of-way causes any
    damage, they must restore the property to the original condition or pay damages. Structures owned by the holder of the easement or right-of-way are not the responsibility of the landowner. The holder of an easement is not required to pay for damages to a landowner’s improvements that are located on the easement area contrary to the agreement. (An example might be a garage or similar building located contrary to the agreement. A landowner would be responsible for cost of damages to such an improvement or the cost of removal resulting from a holder’s use of the easement or right-of-way
    area.)

    Who can enter the area covered by an easement or right-of-way and when can they enter?
    The agreement covering the easement or right-of-way will specify who, other than the owner of the easement, may enter the easement or right-of-way area and when they are entitled to do so. A notification policy is usually included in the agreement.

    Access by the representatives of the holder cannot be prevented although they should carry proper identification. Access
    must be provided for excavation, repair or any other activities outlined in the agreement.

    How does an easement or right-of-way affect a real estate transaction?
    Many properties are sold every day and the location of an easement or right-of-way has little or no effect on the transaction. In other cases, the location of easements or rights-of-way may have a very significant impact. In all cases, however, it is important that the purchaser know where registered easements are located and what restrictions accompany them.



    In a real estate transaction it is important to obtain a Real Property Report (RPR) prior to purchasing property. A RPR will
    not only show the location of all improvements relative to property boundaries, but it will also show where all easements or rights-of-way are located. In addition, any encroachment into an easement area will be identified.



    Once the location of easements is determined, a purchaser can evaluate the effect that they will have on the buyer’s ability to enjoy the property, build structures or even plant gardens. Encroachments may have to be remedied and may affect the purchaser’s willingness to conclude the sale. Easements, such as environmental easements, may actually add to the value of a property.



    At the same time, a purchaser may want to determine whether any builders’ liens have been placed against the easement property. Such liens may affect the ability to arrange financing or to complete a property transaction.



    0 Not allowed!



  9. [9]
    إسلام علي
    إسلام علي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو متميز
    الصورة الرمزية إسلام علي


    تاريخ التسجيل: Mar 2005
    المشاركات: 12,009
    Thumbs Up
    Received: 1,093
    Given: 2,479
    جزاكم الله خيراً م حسان2

    0 Not allowed!



    لنعمل بجدية لتحسين مجال العمارة والإنشاء في سبيل خدمة أمتنا وهويتها الإسلامية, لا للتغريب ولا للعبثية والتفاخر في العمارة.
    لنتجنب أن نكون ممن قال الله فيهم
    : ( أتبنون بكل ريع آية تعبثون * وتتخذون مصانع لعلكم تخلدون )

  10. [10]
    اياد العبودي
    اياد العبودي غير متواجد حالياً
    عضو متميز
    الصورة الرمزية اياد العبودي


    تاريخ التسجيل: Jul 2008
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    Received: 1
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    الاسبقية لمن في اليمين

    0 Not allowed!


    " اللهــــــــــــم إجعــل الـعـراق بلـدا آمــــــــــــــنا "

  
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